Catalog
2014-15

Biology

Dr. Michael Judge
Chair of the Department

Biology is housed in Leo Building and in Hayden Hall.

Many of the critical problems that the world faces, which challenge values and beliefs, can best be understood with a knowledge of biological principles. Accordingly, the mission of the Department of Biology is to give our students an appreciation of the methods, potentials, achievements, and limitations of the biological sciences, and to instill in them the intellectual and ethical skills to use this information effectively. To accomplish this, the Department provides a combination of required and elective courses in biology consistent with a liberal education and maintains a tradition of strong support for independent study and undergraduate research. The faculty members of the joined Department of Biology recognize their responsibility to teach the values that are important to the process of free inquiry, the foundation of the discipline. The department fosters the utilization of research strategies to address scientific questions, fosters the abilities of students to communicate scientific principles and fosters critical thinking skills of students. Faculty has knowledge of the degree that students should be prepared for advanced studies and professional careers.

Major

Every student considering a major in the department must consult their faculty advisor by the end of the first semester. Beginning Fall 2014, all standard required courses for the Biology major at the 200 and above level will transition to 4 credits (except for BIOL 207 & 208).  This transition will affect the class of 2017 and beyond and will not change the total number of credits to graduate.

B.S. Degree

Recognizing the various professional goals of our students, the department offers groups of courses in several areas of study which contribute toward reaching a specific career objective. These areas of study include Pre-Medical-Dental, Pre-Professional, Research, Environmental Biology, Education, General Studies in Biology, and Pre-Physical Therapy.

Students who wish to prepare for professional or graduate school require 8 credits in General Biology courses, plus a minimum of 34 credits in upper-class Biology courses for the B.S. degree include all of the following:

Students graduating through May 2016 will continue with the following curriculum:

BIOL 111General Biology I2
BIOL 112General Biology II2
BIOL 113General Biology Laboratory I2
BIOL 114General Biology Laboratory II2
Upperclass Biology
BIOL 217Genetics (Co-requisite BIOL 218 Lab)3
BIOL 223Ecology (Co-requisite: BIOL 220 Lab)3
BIOL 225Microbiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 226 Lab)3
BIOL 231Evolution (Co-requisite: BIOL 232 Lab)3
BIOL 301Comparative Chordate Anatomy (Co-requisite: BIOL 313 Lab)3
BIOL 305Plant Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 303 Lab)3
BIOL 319Cellular Biochemistry/Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 323 Lab)3
BIOL 320Animal Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 324 Lab)3
BIOL 321Molecular Cell Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 322 Lab)3
BIOL 404Biology Colloquium (WE)1
BIOL Elective A3
BIOL Elective B3
Total Credits42

Students graduating after May 2016 will follow the new curriculum below:

Required
BIOL 111General Biology I2
BIOL 112General Biology II2
BIOL 113General Biology Laboratory I2
BIOL 114General Biology Laboratory II2
BIOL 217Genetics (Co-requisite BIOL 218 Lab)4
BIOL 223Ecology (Co-requisite: BIOL 220 Lab)4
BIOL 231Evolution (Co-requisite: BIOL 232 Lab)4
BIOL 404Biology Colloquium (WE)2
Cell & Molecular Biology (choose any two 4-credit courses)8
Microbiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 226 Lab)
Developmental Biology
Cellular Biochemistry/Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 323 Lab)
Molecular Cell Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 322 Lab)
Histology
Neurobiology
Tissue Culture
Immunology
Organismal Biology (choose any two 4-credit courses)8
Comparative Chordate Anatomy (Co-requisite: BIOL 313 Lab)
Invertebrate Zoology
Plant Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 303 Lab)
Animal Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 324 Lab)
Animal Behavior
Marine Biology
Freshwater Ecology
Estuarine and Coastal Ecology
Electives (choose combination of courses to total at least 4 credits)4
any 1 of Cell & Molecular or Organismal
Anatomy and Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 209 Lab)
Anatomy and Physiology II (Co-requisite: BIOL 210 Lab)
Research In Biology for Juniors
Research in Biology for Juniors
Research in Biology for Seniors
Research in Biology for Seniors
Advances in Nutrition
Independent Study in Biology for Juniors
Independent Study in Biology for Seniors
Internship for Juniors
Internship for Seniors
Special Topics in Biology
Total Credits42

Students plan an individual program of study with their Biology courses and free electives after consultation with an advisor of the Biology Department.

 In order to pursue any specific area of study, it is essential that a student plan his/her proposed course sequence in close consultation with his/her faculty advisor and the Chair. For Biology majors to take 200, 300, and 400 level courses, C or better grades in General Biology I (BIOL 111 and BIOL 113) and General Biology II (BIOL 112 and BIOL 114) or the equivalents are required.

Pre-Medical-Dental

Students are urged to take:

BIOL 302Developmental Biology3
BIOL 318Advances in Nutrition3
BIOL 405Neurobiology3
BIOL 426Immunology3

Pre-Professional

Students are urged to take:

BIOL 302Developmental Biology3
BIOL 405Neurobiology3
BIOL 416Tissue Culture3
BIOL 426Immunology3

 Environmental Biology

Students are urged to take:

BIOL 304Invertebrate Zoology3
BIOL 326Animal Behavior3
BIOL 409Marine Biology3
BIOL 431Freshwater Ecology3
BIOL 432Estuarine and Coastal Ecology3

Education Studies

Students are urged to take:

BIOL 207Anatomy and Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 209 Lab) 3
BIOL 208Anatomy and Physiology II (Co-requisite: BIOL 210 Lab)3
BIOL 302Developmental Biology3
BIOL 304Invertebrate Zoology3
BIOL 318Advances in Nutrition3
BIOL 326Animal Behavior3
BIOL 409Marine Biology3

Pre-Physical Therapy

Students are urged to take:

BIOL 207Anatomy and Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 209 Lab) 3
BIOL 208Anatomy and Physiology II (Co-requisite: BIOL 210 Lab)3
BIOL 306Physiology of Exercise (Co-requisite: BIOL 307)3
BIOL 309Kinesiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 315 Lab2
BIOL 375Internship for Juniors3
BIOL 441Cardiovascular Biology3
BIOL 443Basic Electrocardiography2
BIOL 445Therapeutic, Prescriptions, Exercises, and Modalities2

Cognate Requirements

B.S. Degree

CHEM 101
  & CHEM 102
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry II
8
CHEM 319
  & CHEM 320
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry II
6
CHEM 323
  & CHEM 324
Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
4
MATH 155
  & MATH 156
Calculus for the Life Sciences I
   and Calculus for the Life Sciences II
6
PHYS 107
  & PHYS 108
Introductory Physics I
   and Introductory Physics II
8
Total Credits32

B.A. Degree

Recognizing that many students have a distinct interest in Biology, yet possess diverse and non-traditional career goals, the Department offers the B.A. degree with a relatively large number of electives. Students should use these electives to either minor or concentrate in any of the humanities, social science or business disciplines. This program does not prepare students for medical/professional school, graduate studies in Biology, or physical therapy programs unless other prerequisites are met. The program is intended to help students obtain employment in medical and pharmaceutical sales, medical writing, careers in public health and safety and the insurance industry as it relates to health care.

Students graduating through May 2016 will continue with the following curriculum:

BIOL 111General Biology I2
BIOL 112General Biology II2
BIOL 113General Biology Laboratory I2
BIOL 114General Biology Laboratory II2
Upperclass Biology
BIOL 207Anatomy and Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 209 Lab) 3
BIOL 208Anatomy and Physiology II (Co-requisite: BIOL 210 Lab)3
BIOL 217Genetics (Co-requisite BIOL 218 Lab)3
BIOL 223Ecology (Co-requisite: BIOL 220 Lab)3
BIOL 231Evolution (Co-requisite: BIOL 232 Lab)3
BIOL 305Plant Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 303 Lab)3
BIOL 404Biology Colloquium (WE)1
BIOL Elective A3
BIOL Elective B3
BIOL Elective C3
Total Credits36

Students graduating after May 2016 will follow the new curriculum below: 

Required
BIOL 111General Biology I2
BIOL 112General Biology II2
BIOL 113General Biology Laboratory I2
BIOL 114General Biology Laboratory II2
BIOL 217Genetics (Co-requisite BIOL 218 Lab)4
BIOL 223Ecology (Co-requisite: BIOL 220 Lab)4
BIOL 231Evolution (Co-requisite: BIOL 232 Lab)4
BIOL 404Biology Colloquium (WE)2
Electives (choose combination of courses to total at least 14 credits)14
Anatomy and Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 209 Lab)
Anatomy and Physiology II (Co-requisite: BIOL 210 Lab)
Microbiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 226 Lab)
Developmental Biology
Cellular Biochemistry/Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 323 Lab)
Molecular Cell Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 322 Lab)
Histology
Neurobiology
Tissue Culture
Immunology
Comparative Chordate Anatomy (Co-requisite: BIOL 313 Lab)
Invertebrate Zoology
Plant Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 303 Lab)
Animal Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 324 Lab)
Animal Behavior
Marine Biology
Freshwater Ecology
Estuarine and Coastal Ecology
Research In Biology for Juniors
Research in Biology for Juniors
Research in Biology for Seniors
Research in Biology for Seniors
Advances in Nutrition
Independent Study in Biology for Juniors
Independent Study in Biology for Seniors
Internship for Juniors
Internship for Seniors
Special Topics in Biology
Total Credits36

Cognate Requirements

B.A. Degree

CHEM 101
  & CHEM 102
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry II
8
CHEM 319
  & CHEM 320
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry II
6
MATH 100Pre-Calculus Mathematics3
MATH 230Elementary Statistics3
PHYS 107
  & PHYS 108
Introductory Physics I
   and Introductory Physics II
8
Total Credits28

Minors

15 credits in Biology courses planned in consultation with and approval of the Chair of the Biology Department. Normally, these credits should include either the General Biology sequence (BIOL 111-114) or Principles of Biology sequence (BIOL 115-118).

Grade Requirements

Majors and minors must attain a minimum grade of C in all biology courses. Prerequisites for Upper Level Biology Courses: C or better in General Biology I (BIOL 111 and BIOL 113) and C or better in General Biology II (BIOL 112 and BIOL 114) or the equivalents are required.

The following courses are offered for and are restricted to students majoring in departments other than Biology. Under no circumstances, except with permission of the Chair, will students majoring in Biology receive major credit for the following courses:

BIOL 103Introduction to Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 104 Lab)3
BIOL 115
  & BIOL 116
Principles of Biology I
   and Principles of Biology II
4
BIOL 117
  & BIOL 118
Principles of Biology I Laboratory
   and Principles of Biology II Laboratory
4
BIOL 207
  & BIOL 208
Anatomy and Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 209 Lab)
   and Anatomy and Physiology II (Co-requisite: BIOL 210 Lab)
6
BIOL 221Introductory Nutrition3
BIOL 222Biology for Engineers (Co-requisite: BIOL 224 Lab)3
BIOL 306Physiology of Exercise (Co-requisite: BIOL 307)3
BIOL 309Kinesiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 315 Lab2
BIOL 441Cardiovascular Biology3
BIOL 443Basic Electrocardiography2
BIOL 445Therapeutic, Prescriptions, Exercises, and Modalities2

Registration for Advanced Courses

Permission of the academic advisor of the Biology Department is required for registration in all courses at the 300 and 400 levels.

A student may take 9 Biology credits in Research and/or Independent Study. However, only 3 of these credits may be in Independent Study.

Bachelor of Science in Biology (for students entering before Fall 2013)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 1112ENGL 1103
CHEM 1014BIOL 1122
BIOL 1132RELS 1103
PHIL 2133CHEM 1024
MATH 1553BIOL 1142
 MATH 1563
 14 17
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 2173-4CMPT 1553
CHEM 3232CHEM 3203
MLL3CHEM 3242
HIST 1503MLL3
BIOL 2233-4Elective3
CHEM 3193BIOL 2313-4
 17-19 17-18
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 3193PHYS 1084
RELS Catholic Studies3Social Sciences3
ENGL 1503BIOL 2253
BIOL 3053BIOL 3203
PHYS 1074PHIL 1503
 16 16
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
RELS Global/Contemporary3BIOL 3213
BIOL 3013BIOL 4041
BIOL Elective3BIOL Elective3
Elective3Electives6
Social Sciences3MUSC 151 or ART 1513
 15 16
Total Credits: 128-131

Bachelor of Science in Biology (for students entering Fall 2013)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 1112BIOL 1122
BIOL 1132RELS 1103
MATH 1553CHEM 1024
CHEM 1014BIOL 1142
PHIL 2133MATH 1563
SCI 100**1ENGL 1103
 15 17
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
MLL3BIOL 2314
BIOL 2234CMPT 1553
BIOL 2174CHEM 3203
CHEM 3193CHEM 3242
CHEM 3232MLL 3
 Elective3
 16 18
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL Cell Elective4BIOL Organismal Elective4
RELS 1103PHYS 1084
HIST 1503PHIL 1503
RELS Catholic Studies3Social Sciences3
PHYS 1074 
 17 14
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL Organismal Elective4BIOL Cell Elective4
BIOL Elective2BIOL 4042
RELS Global/Contemporary3BIOL Elective2
Social Sciences3MUSC 150 or ART 1503
Elective3Electives 6
 15 17
Total Credits: 129
**

For students entering Fall 2014

Bachelor of Arts in Biology (for students entering before Fall 2013)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 1112RELS 1103
CHEM 1014CHEM 1024
PHIL 2133BIOL 1142
MLL3MLL3
BIOL 1132ENGL 1103
 BIOL 1122
 14 17
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 2073CHEM 3203
CHEM 3193Free Elective*3
CMPT 1553MATH 2303
MATH 1003HIST 1503
Social Sciences3Social Sciences3
 BIOL 2083
 15 18
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 2173-4PHIL 1503
BIOL 2233-4BIOL 2313-4
MUSC 1503PHYS 1084
PHYS 1074Biology Elective3
ENGL 1513Free Elective*3
 16-18 16-17
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 3053BIOL 4041
Biology Electives4Biology Electives3
RELS Catholic Studies3RELS Global/Contemporary3
Free Electives*6Free Electives*10
 16 17
Total Credits: 129-132
*

With the 22 credits of free electives, students are urged to obtain formal minors or concentrate in any of various humanities, social science or business disciplines.

Bachelor of Arts in Biology (for students entering Fall 2013)

First Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 1112RELS 1103
BIOL 1132MLL 3
MLL3BIOL 1122
CHEM 1014BIOL 1142
PHIL 2133CHEM 1024
SCI 100**1ENGL 1103
 15 17
Second Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 2174BIOL 2314
CHEM 3193CHEM 3203
MATH 1003Social Sciences3
CMPT 1553MATH 2303
BIOL 2234HIST 1503
 17 16
Third Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL Elective3BIOL Elective3
PHYS 1074Free Elective*3
Free Elective*3ENGL 1503
Social Sciences3PHYS 1084
MUSC 151 or ART 1513PHIL 1503
 16 16
Fourth Year
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL Elective4BIOL 4042
RELS Catholic Studies3BIOL Elective4
Free Electives*10RELS Global/Contemporary3
 Free Electives*6
 17 15
Total Credits: 129
**

For students entering Fall 2014

Courses

BIOL 103. Introduction to Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 104 Lab). 3 Credits.

A basic study of the principles and applications of biology in contemporary life. Two lectures and one two-hour laboratory period. Co-requisite: BIOL 104.

BIOL 111. General Biology I. 2 Credits.

An exploration of the central concepts of cell biology, cell physiology, molecular biology, genetics, and evolution. Three 1-hr lectures. The General Biology sequence (BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114) is required for those majoring in Biology or Pre-Med. Co-requisite: BIOL 113.

BIOL 112. General Biology II. 2 Credits.

An exploration of the central concepts of evolution, biodiversity, organismal anatomy and physiology, and ecology. Three 1-hr lectures. The General Biology sequence (BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114) is required for those majoring in Biology or Pre-Med. Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in BIOL 111 and BIOL 113. Co-requisite: BIOL 114.

BIOL 113. General Biology Laboratory I. 2 Credits.

An exploration of the central concepts of cell biology, cell physiology, molecular biology, genetics, and evolution. One 3-hr laboratory. The General Biology sequence (BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114) is required for those majoring in Biology or Pre-Med. Co-requisite: BIOL 111.

BIOL 114. General Biology Laboratory II. 2 Credits.

An exploration of the central concepts of evolution, biodiversity, organismal anatomy and physiology, and ecology. One 3-hr laboratory. The General Biology sequence (BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114) is required for those majoring in Biology or Pre-Med. Prerequisite: Grade C or better in BIOL 111 & BIOL 113. Co-requisite: BIOL 112.

BIOL 115. Principles of Biology I. 2 Credits.

An introduction to the basic principles and concepts of cell biology, cell physiology, molecular biology, genetics, and evolution with emphasis on the human organism. Two 1-hr lectures and one discussion period. The Principles of Biology sequence (BIOL 115, BIOL 116, BIOL 117, BIOL 118) is intended for those not majoring in Biology or Pre-Med. Offered alternating semesters. Co-requisite: BIOL 117.

BIOL 116. Principles of Biology II. 2 Credits.

An introduction to the basic principles and concepts of evolution, biodiversity, organismal anatomy and physiology, and ecology with emphasis on the human organism. Two 1-hr lectures and one discussion period. The Principles of Biology sequence (BIOL 115, BIOL 116, BIOL 117, BIOL 118) is intended for those not majoring in Biology or Pre-Med. Offered alternating semesters. Prerequisite: BIOL 115 & BIOL 117. Co-requisite: BIOL 118.

BIOL 117. Principles of Biology I Laboratory. 2 Credits.

An introduction to the basic principles and concepts of cell biology, cell physiology, molecular biology, genetics, and evolution with emphasis on the human organism. One 3-hr laboratory. The Principles of Biology sequence (BIOL 115, BIOL 116, BIOL 117, BIOL 118) is intended for those not majoring in Biology or Pre-Med. Offered alternating semesters. Co-requisite: BIOL 115.

BIOL 118. Principles of Biology II Laboratory . 2 Credits.

An introduction to the basic principles and concepts of evolution, biodiversity, organismal anatomy and physiology, and ecology with emphasis on the human organism. One 3-hr laboratory. The Principles of Biology sequence (BIOL 115, BIOL 116, BIOL 117, BIOL 118) is intended for those not majoring in Biology or Pre-Med. Offered alternating semesters. Prerequisites: BIOL 115 & BIOL 117. Co-requisite: BIOL 116.

BIOL 207. Anatomy and Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 209 Lab) . 3 Credits.

Structure and functions of the organs and systems of the human body with expanded coverage of topics such as mechanisms of disease. Topics include: biology of the cell, histology, and skeletal, muscular & nervous systems. Two 1-hr lectures and one 3-hr laboratory. Offered alternating semesters. Biology majors in the Education studies and Pre-Physical Therapy studies may take this course for Biology credit. Co-requisite: BIOL 209.

BIOL 208. Anatomy and Physiology II (Co-requisite: BIOL 210 Lab). 3 Credits.

Structure and functions of the organs and systems of the human body with expanded coverage of topics such as mechanisms of disease. Topics include: digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, urinary, reproductive and endocrine systems. Two 1-hr lectures and one 3-hr laboratory. Offered alternating semesters. Biology majors in the Education studies and Pre-Physical Therapy studies may take this course for Biology credit. Co-requisite: BIOL 210.

BIOL 217. Genetics (Co-requisite BIOL 218 Lab). 3-4 Credit.

Principles of chromosomal, molecular, quantitative, population, and evolutionary genetics. Two lectures, one problem period, and one two-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: BIOL 111 and BIOL 113 or consent of instructor. Fall. Co-requisite: BIOL 218.

BIOL 221. Introductory Nutrition. 3 Credits.

A survey of human nutritional needs throughout the life cycle. Recommended for Nursing, Physical Education, and Liberal Arts majors. Three lectures. Fall, Spring.

BIOL 222. Biology for Engineers (Co-requisite: BIOL 224 Lab). 3 Credits.

The general principles of modern science and biology, with focus on engineering solutions to biological problems, including pollution, bio-remediation, genetic engineering and risk assessment. Two one-hour lectures and one two-hour lab per week. Co-requisite: BIOL 224.

BIOL 223. Ecology (Co-requisite: BIOL 220 Lab). 3-4 Credit.

Introduction to the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms. Survey of ecological principles at the level of individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems with emphasis on quantitative analysis. Three 1-hr lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. Pre-requisites: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of the instructor. Fall. Co-requisite: BIOL 220.

BIOL 225. Microbiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 226 Lab). 3 Credits.

Introduction to microbial physiology, genetics, and ecology with an emphasis on the role of microbes in the environment and infectious disease. Two lectures and one three-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 and BIOL 217 or consent of the instructor. Co-requisite: BIOL 226. Spring.

BIOL 231. Evolution (Co-requisite: BIOL 232 Lab). 3-4 Credit.

An introduction to the central organizing theme in biology. Examination of the basic mechanisms for evolution at a variety of scales, from the molecular to ecological levels. Potential topics include: microevolution, speciation, and macroevolution. Three 1-hr lectures and one three-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of the instructor. Co-requisite: BIOL 232. Spring.

BIOL 301. Comparative Chordate Anatomy (Co-requisite: BIOL 313 Lab). 3 Credits.

An anatomical survey of chordate evolution, with an emphasis on human anatomy, where homologous structures are examined in diverse chordate organisms. Form, function, and phylogeny are explored from worm-like chordates and sharks to dinosaurs, birds, as well as humans and other mammals. Two lectures and one three-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of the instructor. Co-requisite: BIOL 313. Fall.

BIOL 302. Developmental Biology. 3 Credits.

A study of the cellular and molecular processes underlying the development of various organisms. Emphasis will be placed on fertilization events, spatial organization, pattern formation and gene action in development. Two lectures and one three hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of the instructor. Spring.

BIOL 304. Invertebrate Zoology. 3 Credits.

Morphological and physiological characteristics of selected invertebrates and consideration of their ecological relationships. Two lectures and three laboratory hours. Pre-requisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 and BIOL 223 or consent of the instructor. Spring.

BIOL 305. Plant Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 303 Lab). 3 Credits.

Physiological, biochemical and anatomical aspects of plants will be studied in the context of their native environments. The molecular, hormonal and physiological basis for plant adaptations will be stressed. Two lectures and one three-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of instructor. Co-requisite: BIOL 303. Fall.

BIOL 306. Physiology of Exercise (Co-requisite: BIOL 307). 3 Credits.

The investigation of human physiological responses to exercise in relation to age, sex, physical fitness, and environmental conditions. Two lectures and two laboratory hours. Fall. Pre-requisites: BIOL 207 and BIOL 208. Co-requisite: BIOL 307).

BIOL 309. Kinesiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 315 Lab. 2 Credits.

The study of mechanical and anatomical aspects of human movement. Accepted for major credit only for students in the physiology of exercise concentration. Two lectures and one laboratory hour. Spring. Pre-requisites: BIOL 207 and BIOL 208. Co-requisite: BIOL 315.

BIOL 310. Research In Biology for Juniors. 3 Credits.

Investigation of challenging problems. Four hours/credit per week including a conference with sponsor. Results may lead to an off-campus presentation. Sponsorship by a faculty member of the Biology Department must be obtained in advance. Prerequisite: Junior status, BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114. Fall.

BIOL 311. Research in Biology for Juniors. 3 Credits.

Investigation of challenging problems. Four hours/credit per week including a conference with sponsor. Results may lead to an off-campus presentation. Sponsorship by a faculty member of the Biology Department must be obtained in advance. Pre-requisite: Junior status, BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114. Spring.

BIOL 312. Advanced Biology for Biochemists. 3 Credits.

In-depth analysis of molecules directing cellular structure. Emphasis will be placed on the molecular mechanisms of cellular function and interactions. Topics will include: organelle structure/function, intra- and intercellular signaling, and cell cycle control. Three lecture hours. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114, Biochemistry major.

BIOL 318. Advances in Nutrition. 3 Credits.

Recent developments in human nutrition with emphasis on clinical conditions. Recommended for upper-class pre-health professional students. Two lectures and three laboratory hours. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of the instructor. Spring.

BIOL 319. Cellular Biochemistry/Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 323 Lab). 3 Credits.

Dynamic aspects of the physiology and biochemistry of the cell, including thermodynamics, oxidation/reduction, respiration, enzymes, membranes, cell signaling and metabolic pathways. Two lectures and three laboratory hours. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114, BIOL 217 and CHEM 319 or consent of the instructor. Co-requisite: BIOL 323. Fall.

BIOL 320. Animal Physiology (Co-requisite: BIOL 324 Lab). 3 Credits.

Discovery of the major principles of animal (especially humans) functions. Topics include (1) procurement and use of energy, (2) growth, (3) internal organ functions, reproduction, and adaptations to diverse environments. Emphasis is placed on tissue, organ and organism functions. Various taxa will be examined in lab, especially humans. Two lecture hours and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of instructor. Co-requisite: BIOL 324. Spring.

BIOL 321. Molecular Cell Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 322 Lab). 3 Credits.

In-depth analysis of molecules directing cellular structure. Emphasis will be placed on the molecular mechanisms of cellular function and interactions. Topics will include: organelle structure/function, intra- and intercellular signaling, and cell cycle control. Two 1-hr lectures and one 3-hr lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 217 or CHEM 433 or consent of instructor. Co-requisite: BIOL 322 Spring.

BIOL 326. Animal Behavior. 3 Credits.

The biological basis of animal behavior from an ecological and evolutionary perspective. Two lectures and three laboratory or field hours. Prerequisites: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of instructor. Spring.

BIOL 360. Independent Study in Biology for Juniors. 3 Credits.

Independent study of an area in biology. Up to ten hours per week, including a conference with sponsor, plus a final paper are required. Sponsorship by a faculty member of the Biology Department must be obtained in advance. Pre-requisite: Junior status, BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114. Fall, Spring.

BIOL 375. Internship for Juniors. 3 Credits.

Students participate in an off-campus training experience closely related to one of the areas of biology. Frequent meetings with the advisor plus a paper are required. Sponsorship by a faculty member of the Biology Department must be obtained in advance. Prerequisites: Junior status, 3.0 GPA, and permission of the student's advisor and the chair. Fall, Spring.

BIOL 401. Histology. 3 Credits.

Cellular structure and ultrastructure of mammalian tissues and organs utilizing light and electron microscopy. Two lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of the instructor. Fall.

BIOL 404. Biology Colloquium (WE). 1,2 Credit.

Study and discussion of biological topics and the completion of a monograph. One discussion period. Spring.

BIOL 404. Biology Colloquium (WE). 1,2 Credit.

Study and discussion of biological topics and the completion of a monograph. One discussion period. Spring.

BIOL 405. Neurobiology. 3 Credits.

An examination of the basic principles of the nervous system including the cellular and molecular biology of the neuron, synaptic transmission, sensory and motor systems and their integration. Two lectures and three laboratory hours. Prerequisite: BIOL 217 or consent of instructor. Fall.

BIOL 406. Special Topics in Biology. 3 Credits.

Current problems and studies in biology. Consult department chair for topic. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of the instructor. Fall.

BIOL 409. Marine Biology. 3 Credits.

Principles of marine ecology in an oceanic environment with emphasis on tropical communities. Lectures will be held on campus with the field portion of the course to be taught during the mid-semester recess in the Caribbean. Spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 and BIOL 223, or consent of instructor.

BIOL 410. Research in Biology for Seniors. 3 Credits.

Investigation of challenging problems. Four hours/credit per week including a conference with sponsor. Results should ordinarily lead to an off-campus presentation. Sponsorship by a faculty member of the Biology Department must be obtained in advance. Prerequisite: Senior status, BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114. Fall.

BIOL 411. Research in Biology for Seniors. 3 Credits.

Investigation of challenging problems. Four hours/credit per week including a conference with sponsor. Results should ordinarily lead to an off-campus presentation. Sponsorship by a faculty member of the Biology Department must be obtained in advance. Prerequisite: Senior status, BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114. Spring.

BIOL 416. Tissue Culture. 3 Credits.

Principles and methods of animal tissue and cell culture with the emphasis on mammalian culture of cell lines and primary culture from rat tissues. The course stresses laboratory techniques including maintenance of sterility and culture conditions, use of laminar flow hood, phase contrast microscopy and photomicroscopy, preparation and contents of a variety of media, cryogenic storage of cells, indirect immunofluorescence, monoclonal antibodies, and biochemical characterization of cell specific markers. Two hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory session per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 or consent of the instructor. Fall.

BIOL 426. Immunology. 3 Credits.

Study of fundamental properties of antigens and antibodies. Theories of antibody production, tolerance, transplantation immunity, autoimmunity, tumor immunology, and immunochemistry. Introduction to antibody-mediated and cell-mediated reactions. Three lectures. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 and BIOL 217 or consent of instructor. Spring.

BIOL 431. Freshwater Ecology. 3 Credits.

Study of the ecology of freshwater communities, including physical, chemical, and biotic components. Field-oriented laboratories emphasize comparison of major freshwater systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 and BIOL 223 or consent of instructor. Fall.

BIOL 432. Estuarine and Coastal Ecology. 3 Credits.

Studies of estuarine and near-shore marine ecosystems with emphasis on local temperate habitats. Two lectures and three field or laboratory hours. Prerequisite: BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114 and BIOL 223 or consent of instructor. Fall.

BIOL 441. Cardiovascular Biology. 3 Credits.

Anatomical, physiological, pathological and nutritional aspects of the human cardiovascular system. Three lectures and a monograph based on library research or supervised laboratory experience at a hospital cardiac stress testing laboratory. Pre-requisite: BIOL 207, BIOL 208, BIOL 443.

BIOL 443. Basic Electrocardiography. 2 Credits.

The understanding and interpretation of basic normal and abnormal electrocardiographic patterns. Two lectures. Biology majors in the Pre-Physical Therapy studies may take this course for Biology credit. Fall. Pre-requisite: BIOL 306.

BIOL 445. Therapeutic, Prescriptions, Exercises, and Modalities. 2 Credits.

Understanding prescriptions for the rehabilitation of specific disorders through the use of exercise and modalities. Two lectures. Fall. Pre-requisites: BIOL 207, BIOL 208; Permission of instructor.

BIOL 460. Independent Study in Biology for Seniors. 3 Credits.

Independent study of an area in biology. Up to ten hours per week, including a conference with sponsor, plus a final paper are required. Sponsorship by a faculty member of the Biology Department must be obtained in advance. Prerequisite: Senior status, BIOL 111, BIOL 112, BIOL 113, BIOL 114. Fall, Spring.

BIOL 475. Internship for Seniors. 3 Credits.

Students participate in an off-campus training experience closely related to one of the areas of biology. Frequent meetings with the advisor plus a paper are required. Sponsorship by a faculty member of the Biology Department must be obtained in advance. Prerequisites: Senior status, 3.0 GPA, and permission of the student's advisor and the Chair.

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