Catalog
2014-15

Environmental Engineering

Moujalli Hourani, D.Sc.
Chair, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Robert Sharp, Ph.D., P.E.
Director, Graduate Program

Mission

The Master of Engineering (Environmental Engineering) and the Master of Science in Environmental Engineering programs are designed to provide engineers and scientists with advanced training in environmental process engineering, water quality assessment modeling, geoenvironmental engineering, and environmental management. Emphasis is placed on both current applications and the underlying theoretical basis for sound engineering practice, in keeping with the humanistic need for maintaining and improving environmental quality.

Objectives

Educational Objectives for Environmental Engineering Graduate Program state that "Environmental Engineering graduates will be recognized for (1) their leadership, achievement and involvement in engineering and related professions, through service in private and public agencies and in research and academic institutions; (2) their dedication to enhance the engineering profession through continuous self-improvement; (3) their commitment to working towards engineering a sustainable environment for new York and the world; and (4) their ethical practices and professionalism.

Admission Requirements

Master of Engineering (Environmental Engineering) Degree: Applicants must possess a baccalaureate degree in engineering from a program accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET, Inc., or from a recognized foreign institution. A minimum grade point average of 3.0 is normally required. In addition, applicants must present adequate preparation in two courses in chemistry, one course in calculus-based physics, three courses in calculus, differential equations, and one course in computer applications, statistics, fluid mechanics, a biological science, an earth science, and principles of environmental engineering. These undergraduate courses must be completed with a minimum grade point average of 3.00 with no single course grade lower than a C.

Master of Science in Environmental Engineering Degree: Applicants must possess a baccalaureate degree in engineering or science. A minimum grade point average of 3.0 is normally required. In addition, applicants must present adequate preparation in two courses in chemistry, one course in physics, three courses in calculus, differential equations, one course in computer applications, statistics, fluid mechanics, a biological science or an earth science, and principles of environmental engineering. These undergraduate courses must be completed with a minimum grade point average of 3.0 with no single course  grade lower than a C.

Prerequisite courses will not satisfy any requirements for the Master of Science in Environmental Engineering degree. Generally, students must complete all prerequisite courses before they may register for the designated graduate courses. Exceptions to either the 3.0 minimum undergraduate GPA requirement or the need to complete prerequisites prior to registering for graduate courses may be approved on a case-by-case basis upon the recommendation of the Environmental Engineering Graduate Program Director and the approval of the Dean of Engineering.

Degree Requirements

Master of Environmental Engineering Degree

ABET Accredited Master's of Environmental Engineering Degree requires ME designated students to complete a minimum of thirty credit hours of graduate coursework with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or better.  Below are the course requirements for completion of the ME Degree:

Six (6) Required Courses18
ENVG 505Surface Water Quality Modeling3
ENVG 506Water Treatment Processes3
ENVG 706Water Chemistry3
ENVG 739Environmental Experimental Analysis3
ENVG 718Biological Treatment3
ENVG 736Advanced Unit Operations3
Minimum of two additional upper-level engineering design courses from the following:6
ENVG 703Environmental Fate and Effects of Toxic Contaminants3
ENVG 704Advanced Water Quality Modeling for Metals3
ENVG 712Advanced Geohydrology3
ENVG 721Environmental Sustainability: Water Reuse and Resource Recovery3
ENVG 740Advanced Hydraulic Design3
Two technical electives may be taken from the courses listed above that were not taken to fulfill other requirements and from those listed below. Other non-ENVG courses may be taken with approval of the Program Director6
ENVG 507Groundwater3
ENVG 509Environmental Geochemistry3
ENVG 510Hazardous Waste Management3
ENVG 702Air Quality Analysis3
ENVG 708Environmental Biotechnology3
ENVG 710Environmental Organic Chemistry3
ENVG 722Subsurface Bioremediation3
ENVG 731Special Topics3
ENVG 732Thesis6
Total Credits30

 Master of Science in Environmental Engineering Degree

Students must complete a minimum of thirty credit hours of graduate coursework with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 or better.

Three (3) Required Courses9
ENVG 505Surface Water Quality Modeling3
ENVG 506Water Treatment Processes3
ENVG 706Water Chemistry3
Minimum of three upper-level engineering design courses from the following:9
ENVG 703Environmental Fate and Effects of Toxic Contaminants3
ENVG 704Advanced Water Quality Modeling for Metals3
ENVG 712Advanced Geohydrology3
ENVG 718Biological Treatment3
ENVG 721Environmental Sustainability: Water Reuse and Resource Recovery3
ENVG 736Advanced Unit Operations3
ENVG 740Advanced Hydraulic Design3
Four technical electives may be selected from the courses listed above that were not taken to fulfill other requirements and from those listed below. Up to 2 courses outside the ENVG offerings (ie. CEEN or COMG) may be taken with the approval of the Program Director.12
ENVG 507Groundwater3
ENVG 509Environmental Geochemistry3
ENVG 510Hazardous Waste Management3
ENVG 702Air Quality Analysis3
ENVG 708Environmental Biotechnology3
ENVG 710Environmental Organic Chemistry3
ENVG 722Subsurface Bioremediation3
ENVG 731Special Topics3
ENVG 732Thesis6
Total Credits30

Certificate Programs

Certificate programs, which consist of prescribed courses in a specific concentration area, are available through the environmental engineering graduate program.  Unless otherwise noted, courses in these programs may be applied to a Master's of Engineering or a Master's of Science Degree in Environmental Engineering.  For a list of certificate programs go to the Manhattan College website.

Courses

ENVG 500. Modeling of Civil and Environmental Engineering Problems. 3 Credits.

Construction of analytical models that produce the classical formulas of structural, hydraulic, water supply and water and wastewater treatment engineering. Ordinary and partial differential equations, vectors, tensors and matrices, systems of linear equations and boundary value problems. Prerequisites: MATH 286, Differential Equations, CEEN 303, Fluid Mechanics, ENGS 230, Introductory Solid Mechanics.

ENVG 505. Surface Water Quality Modeling. 3 Credits.

Principles governing the transport and fate of contaminants in rivers, streams, lakes and reservoirs. Water quality standards, transport processes, water quality modeling for water-borne disease, dissolved oxygen, and nutrient enrichment. Engineering controls to meet water quality objectives and case studies are presented. Computer solutions to some problems are required. Prerequisite: ENGS 204 or equivalent.

ENVG 506. Water Treatment Processes. 3 Credits.

Study of the fundamental principles used to treat both drinking water and wastewater. Drinking water treatment principles include Strokes law for particle settling, theory of coagulation and flocculation, porous media filtration and disinfection. Principles for wastewater treatment include reactor analyses, growth and degradation kinetics for biological oxidation processes anaerobic digestion of complex organics, and hindered and compression settling. Pre-requisite: ENGS 204 or equivalent.

ENVG 507. Groundwater. 3 Credits.

Basic principles of groundwater hydrology and subsurface contaminant transport. Construction and use of flow nets; pumping well and aquifer response under confirmed and unconfirmed conditions. Contaminant sources, transport, and retardation; the behavior of nonaqueous phase liquids (NAPLS) in the subsurface. Design of groundwater extraction systems, subsurface cutoff walls, caps, and emerging technologies for soil treatment. Pre-requisite: ENGS 204 or equivalent.

ENVG 509. Environmental Geochemistry. 3 Credits.

Review of fundamental geologic processes. Solution-mineral equilibria of carbonates and silicates. Surface chemistry at the solution-mineral interface. Relevant phase equilibria, weathering and soils, inorganic and organic sedimentation and diagenesis, isotope geochemistry, and metamorphism. Two semesters of General Chemistry.

ENVG 510. Hazardous Waste Management. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of hazardous waste management and treatment design. Includes review of current hazardous waste regulations, groundwater and air contaminant fate and transport concepts, and risk assessment. Primary focus on the design of treatment processes including air stripping of volatile compounds, soil vapor extraction, adsorption, bioremediation of contained aquifers and soils, and incineration. Emerging treatment technologies will also be presented. Prerequisite: ENGS 204 or equivalent.

ENVG 702. Air Quality Analysis. 3 Credits.

Basic air pollution concepts; the Clean Air Act; basic meteorology; basic analytical methods and concepts for air quality analysis; the Gaussian Plume Model; Plume Rise; Traffic Impact Analysis; Environmental Impact Analysis and air quality; Airshed Models; Smog and Ozone Models; Indoor Air Quality analysis.

ENVG 703. Environmental Fate and Effects of Toxic Contaminants. 3 Credits.

Principles governing the transport, fate, and effect of toxic organic contaminants in surface water systems. Topics include: physical-chemical characterization of toxic organic contaminants; phase behavior and chemical transformation kinetics; sediment contamination and transport; bioaccumulation in aquatic food webs; human and ecological risk assessment; sediment remediation technologies and environmental site remediation. Mathematical solutions and computer models are used throughout the course. Prerequisite: ENVG 505.

ENVG 704. Advanced Water Quality Modeling for Metals. 3 Credits.

Advanced water quality modeling for metals in surface waters and sediments. Topics include: metal speciation; metal binding to natural organic matter; metal binding in sediment; aquatic toxicity; human health effects; chemical speciation-transport modeling; critical loads; metal-sulfide oxidation kinetics; cycling of redox sensitive metals (e.g., As, Cr, Se); Hg cycling and bioaccumulation; acidification of surface waters. Computer modeling based on the Biotic Ligand Model (BLM) and the Tableau Input Coupled Kinetic Equilibrium Transport (TICKET) model will be used throughout the course. Prerequisites: ENVG 505 and ENVG 706.

ENVG 706. Water Chemistry. 3 Credits.

The environmentally important chemical processes that take place in natural marine waters, and in soils and sediments. The sources, reactions, transport, and fate of chemical substances in these environments. Extensive examples of the application of chemical principles to the solution of relevant environmental engineering problems are included. Prerequisite: ENGS 204 and two semesters of general chemistry.

ENVG 708. Environmental Biotechnology. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of biotechnology and its applications to environmental engineering. Principles of microbial genetics, microbial ecology and biochemistry and how they relate to biological treatment of water, air, wastewater and hazardous wastes. Biofilm process fundamentals and applications. Molecular methods and their use in the study and analysis of ideal and non-ideal biological systems. Specific applications to public health, bioremediation, biosolids reuse and industrial treatment. Review and evaluation of Advanced water, wastewater and remediation processes that utilize biotechnology. Prerequisite: ENVG 506.

ENVG 710. Environmental Organic Chemistry. 3 Credits.

The structure and nomenclature of relevant organic compounds. Kinetics, fate and transport of xenophobic chemicals in the environment. Important hydrolytic, photolytic, oxidative and reductive reactions. Use of quantitative structure activity relationships (QSARs) in predicting toxicity and related properties of various classes of environmentally active organic compounds. Prerequisites: ENGS204 and two semesters of General Chemistry.

ENVG 712. Advanced Geohydrology. 3 Credits.

Review of basic principles. Introduction to numerical groundwater modeling; application of Visual MODFLOW to flow and transport modeling. Pumping well and aquifer response under confined, unconfined, and semi-confined conditions. Hydraulic conductivity testing; borehole and surface geophysical methods for site characterization. Prerequisite: ENVG 507.

ENVG 718. Biological Treatment. 3 Credits.

Application of biological processes to all types of water and waste streams including: municipal and industrial wastewater, drinking water, and hazardous waste streams. Treatment processes and models, aerobic, facultative and anaerobic processes, cell synthesis and respiration, oxygen and nutrient requirements. Biological nitrogen removal, enhanced biological phosphorus removal, attached growth systems, bioremediation and process designs. Anaerobic treatment with biogas recovery. Course will also cover process troubleshooting, and operation and maintenance issues associated with many treatment technologies. Pre-requisite: ENVG 506.

ENVG 721. Environmental Sustainability: Water Reuse and Resource Recovery. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of wastewater reuse including: State and Federal water reclamation and reuse regulation; municipal, industrial and storm water reuse; public health aspects of reuse; and economics of reuse. Design and operation of specific reuse technologies including membrane systems, advanced oxidation systems, etc. Regulations and technologies addressing beneficial reuse of biosolids and drinking water residuals, including land application and soil conditioning, will also be covered. Finally, the role of water and residuals reuse in industrial, local and global sustainability will be addressed. Prerequisite: ENVG 506.

ENVG 722. Subsurface Bioremediation. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of sub-surface processes, abiotic and biotic, which contribute to the bioremediation of common subsurface contaminants including petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated solvents, nitroaromatics, heavy metals and redionuclides. Areas of study will include multi-phase flow, convective transport, sortion/desorption, phase partitioning, as well as microbal ecology, biodegradation kinetics, biomass growth and degradative metabolisms. Specific examples of intrinsic and engineered bioremediation of aromatics and chlorinated solvents will be included. The course will utilize a text book, web-based tutorial material and three interactive bioremediation spread-sheet based models. The course will meet only three times during the semester; all other correspondence will be carried out via email. Prerequisite: ENVG 506, ENVG 507.

ENVG 731. Special Topics. 3 Credits.

Guided study of approved advanced topics related to environmental engineering or science.

ENVG 732. Thesis. 6 Credits.

A technical paper under faculty supervision based upon original study or research, and original design, or a thorough analysis of an existing or proposed system of either a scientific or engineering nature.

ENVG 736. Advanced Unit Operations. 3 Credits.

Advanced study of the processes used for water and wastewater treatment with an emphasis on design principles and process modeling. Processes covered include reactor design and analysis, carbon adsorption, ion exchange, chemical oxidation of inorganic and organic contaminants, primary and second disinfection, strategies for control of disinfection byproducts and membrane technologies. Prerequisite ENVG 506.

ENVG 739. Environmental Experimental Analysis. 3 Credits.

This course is an advanced laboratory covering principles of modern experimental and analytical techniques and their applications to problems in environmental engineering. Topics include the measurement of water quality parameters, determination of contaminant partition coefficients and kinetics of transformation reactions in the environment. Prerequisite: ENVG 705.

ENVG 740. Advanced Hydraulic Design. 3 Credits.

Introduction to advanced concepts in hydraulic design. Use of computer software to analyze and design stormwater, sanitary sewer and water distribution systems. Hydraulic analysis of a river using HECRAS. A project-oriented design course. This course utilizes EPA SWMM and EPANET software, and Corps of Engineers HECRAS software. Pre-requisite: CEEN 307 or equivalent.

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