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Mechanical Engineering

Dr. John C. Leylegian
Chair, Department of Mechanical Engineering

Vision Statement

The Mechanical Engineering program at Manhattan College will be distinguished by its education of engineers who are recognized locally and globally for their contributions and leadership in mechanical engineering and related professions.

Mission Statement

The mission of the Mechanical Engineering program is to provide students with an education that will prepare them for future challenges in mechanical engineering, whether they plan to practice engineering or pursue advanced/graduate studies.

Program Educational Objectives

Mechanical engineering graduates will be:

  1. Technically competent in their mechanical engineering knowledge and skills in professional or advanced academic settings.
  2. Committed to the engineering profession and to expanding their knowledge and skill set with increasing independence and responsibility.
  3. Committed to professional conduct, ethical practices, and communicate effectively within a diverse multi-cultural environment.
  4. Aware that their engineering expertise can be utilized to impact the local and global community.

Student Outcomes

The Mechanical Engineering program uses the standard set of ABET, Inc. outcomes (1) through (7) as described above under Engineering.

Mechanical Engineering

The mechanical engineer is considered the general practitioner in the engineering profession. Career opportunities exist in such fields as aerospace, automotive, computer, energy, machinery, manufacturing, and consulting firms. The curriculum is designed to provide the kind of broad education needed by “general practitioners.” Juniors and seniors take course sequences in two areas: thermal/fluids/energy, and solid mechanics/ machine design/manufacturing. Both areas rely extensively on computer applications. Seniors may specialize by choosing electives in: computer-aided design, computer-aided manufacturing, thermal/energy systems, or heating, ventilation and air conditioning.

Course work is complemented by comprehensive laboratories containing a wind tunnel, steam turbine, automotive engines, refrigeration systems, computer-controlled machine tools, stress and vibration analyzers, and computer-based data acquisition systems. Students also have access to PC laboratories and advanced workstations. In the senior year, qualified students are encouraged to use this equipment in elective project courses. The curriculum prepares the student for professional employment and graduate study.

Four-Year Program in Mechanical Engineering

The curriculum for the first year is common to all branches of engineering. In order to enable a student to test his or her interest in mechanical engineering, he or she takes designated courses from the mechanical engineering course offerings in their sophomore year. The junior and senior years allow for concentrated studies in two areas: thermal/fluids/energy, and solid mechanics/machine design/manufacturing. Both areas rely extensively on computer applications. Seniors may specialize by choosing electives in: design, manufacturing, thermal/energy systems, or heating, ventilation and air conditioning. The department offers an option in biomechanics for students interested in biomedical engineering. Please consult the option coordinator for details. A representative four-year program is shown below.

Mechanical Engineering

First Year
ENGS 1153ENGS 1163
MATH 18513MATH 18613
CHEM 101/CHEM 1031 CHEM 101/CHEM 1031 
or PHYS 101/PHYS 19114or PHYS 101/PHYS 19114
ENGL 110 or RELS 1103ENGL 110 or RELS 1103
General Education Elective3General Education Elective3
 16 16
Second Year
CHEM 102/CHEM 1041 ENGS 2013
or PHYS 102/PHYS 19214ENGS 2020
ENGS 20513ENGS 2203
ENGS 20613MECH 2303
MATH 28513MECH 2311
MECH 2113MATH 28613
 ENGL Elective3
 16 16
Third Year
MECH 3022MECH 3123
MECH 3183MECH 3192
MECH 3234MECH 3254
MECH 3143MECH 3323
RELS Catholic Studies or RELS Contemporary/Global Studies3MECH 3363
Math/Science Elective23-4MECH 3370
 General Education Elective3
 18-19 18
Fourth Year
MECH 4012MECH 4022
MECH 4052MECH 4223
MECH 4113Mechanical Engineering Elective23
MECH 4143Mechanical Engineering Elective23
Mechanical Engineering Elective23RELS-Ethics Elective3
Math/Science Elective3-4General Education Elective3
 16-17 17
Total Credits: 133-135

Biomechanics Concentration

The Biomechanics concentration is designed to give students a competitive advantage in the biomedical industry. Biomechanical engineers combine medical and biological sciences with engineering principles to design and develop healthcare equipment, devices, computer systems, and software. The employment prospects in biomechanics is expected to be strong for the foreseeable future.

This five-course concentration covers topics in tissue engineering, the strength and structural behavior of biocompatible materials, and the application of solid and fluid mechanics to biological systems. To participate in the biomechanical concentration, students must earn an overall average GPA of 3.0 with no more than two grades lower than a B in any of the concentration courses. Incoming freshmen, transfers and current students may enroll at any time. Any Pre-Concentration student who, at any time, fails to meet all requirements concurrently will be no longer be permitted to participate in the concentration.

Concentration Requirements

Students accepted into the concentration should choose five courses. Two of the courses are selected from the following courses offered by the Biology Department: 

BIOL 207Anatomy and Physiology I 1,24
BIOL 208Anatomy and Physiology II 24
BIOL 222Biology for Engineers 23
BIOL 441Cardiovascular Biology 13

 The other three courses are selected from the following Mechanical Engineering courses:

MECH 408Mechanical Engineering Projects I 33
MECH 410Mechanical Engineering Projects II 33
MECH 427Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering 43
MECH 431Structural Biomechanics3
MECH 437Biomechanical Instrumentation3
MECH 450Intro to Tissue Engineering3
MECH 451An Intro to Biofluid Mechanics3
MECG 531Introduction to Biomechanics3
MECG 536Applied Biofluid Mechanics3
MECG 541Special Topics 43
MECG 631Biomechanics Modeling and Applications3
MECG 741Special Topics: in Mechanical Engineering 43


MECH 211. Technical and Graphical Communication. 3 Credits.

This is an introductory course in the “languages” of mechanical engineering. Topics include: discussion of mechanical engineering principles and concepts; use of Word for report generation (including equations and graphics); use of Mathcad for engineering computation; introduction to orthogonal and isometric views. A main focus of the course is introducing the student to state of the art computer based drafting and solid modeling applications. Two lectures, two-hour laboratory. Fall. Prerequisite: ENGS 116. (Cr. 3).

MECH 230. Introductory Solid Mechanics. 3 Credits.

Analysis of stress and strain due to axial, torsional and flexural loads; beams, shafts, columns. Elastic deformation under axial, flexural and torsional loads. Statically determinate and indeterminate problems, principles of superposition and compatibility. Elastic column buckling. Three lectures. Spring. Prerequisite: ENGS 206. (Cr. 3).

MECH 231. Solid Mechanics Laboratory. 1 Credit.

Application and verification of principles of mechanics of solids. Preparation of technical reports and presentations. Three hours. Spring. Prerequisite or Corequisite: MECH 230. (Cr. 1).

MECH 302. Applied Thermodynamics. 2 Credits.

Power cycles and efficiencies; air conditioning, refrigeration and heat pump cycles; analysis of moist air systems; design of simple thermal systems. Two lectures. Fall. Prerequisite: ENGS 205. (Cr. 2).

MECH 303. Special Topics: in Applied Thermodynamics. 3 Credits.

MECH 312. Introduction to Mechatronics. 3 Credits.

A study of the interface between mechanical and electrical systems. Topics include: actuators; sensors; and interfacing elements. The actuators covered include pneumatic, hydraulic and electrical devices, with emphasis on the analysis associated with each system. The sensors portion covers the devices used to obtain information needed for system control, as well as a study of the necessary interfacing components. Other issues addressed will include power sources and operating practices. Pre-requisite: MATH 286.

MECH 314. Engineering Analysis and Numerical Methods. 3 Credits.

A unified treatment of engineering analysis and numerical methods. Solutions of linear algebraic systems using both classical and numerical methods. Analytic and numerical solution of ordinary and partial differential equations. Fourier Series. Laplace transforms. Analytic and numerical solution of linear algebraic systems. Pre-requisites: MATH 286 and ENGS 116.

MECH 318. Fluid Mechanics I. 3 Credits.

Fluids properties; fluid statics; integral form of governing equations of fluid motion; dimensional analysis; internal flow (pipe flow); differential form of governing equations of fluid motion. Three lectures. Fall. Prerequisite: ENGS 206. (Cr. 3).

MECH 319. Fluid Mechanics II. 2 Credits.

Flow around immersed bodies; drag and lift. Introduction to boundary layer theory. Compressible flow: one-dimensional isentropic flow; normal and oblique shocks; Prandtl-Meyer flow; Rayleigh and Fanno flow. Two lectures. Spring. Prerequisite: MECH 318.

MECH 320. Special Topics: in Fluids. 4 Credits.

MECH 323. Machine Design. 4 Credits.

Static failure theories and design for steady loading. Design for fatigue strength and reliability. Design of mechanical elements such as fasteners, gears, shafts, and springs. Individual design projects. Four lectures. Fall. Prerequisites: MECH 230. (Cr. 4).

MECH 325. Heat Transfer. 4 Credits.

Conduction, convection and radiation as different modes of heat transfer. Steady and unsteady states. Combined effects. Applications. Four lectures. Spring. Prerequisites: ENGS 205, MECH 318.

MECH 332. Finite Element Analysis and Computer Aided Engineering. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the theory of finite element methods; introduction to the variational calculus, one-dimensional linear element, element matrices, direct stiffness method, coordinate systems, introduction to two-dimensional elements. Design process using CAE software. Solid modeling, finite element modeling and simulation. Selected problems in mechanical engineering will be modeled, designed and analyzed and solutions will be compared to those obtained from alternate methods. Two-hour lecture, two-hour laboratory. Spring. Prerequisite: MECH 323. (Cr. 3).

MECH 336. Manufacturing Processes. 3 Credits.

Introduction to metal cutting, and manufacturing processes such as turning, milling, and drilling. Other topics covered include metal shearing and forming, the economics of metal cutting and process planning, inspection and statistical quality control, automation in manufacturing and computer numerical control. Three lectures. Spring. Prerequisites: ENGS 201, MECH 230 (Cr. 3).

MECH 337. Manufacturing Systems Laboratory. 0 Credits.

This lab gives hands-on practice in various computer aided manufacturing processes including CNC machinery, controls, and robotics. Three-hour laboratory every second week. Spring. Prerequisite MECH 314.Corequisite: MECH 336. (Cr. 0).

MECH 338. Special Topic: in Manufacturing System Laboratory. 1 Credit.

MECH 401. Mechanical Engineering Design I. 2 Credits.

Engineering design process, problem definitions, information sources, alternative solutions, technical and societal constraints. Group design project and report. One lecture hour, three design hours. Fall. Prerequisites: MECH 314, MECH 318, MECH 323, MECH 325, and MECH 332.

MECH 402. Mechanical Engineering Design II. 2 Credits.

A continuation of MECH 401. The design project in MECH 401 will be expanded or a model will be built and tested. Students may also start a new project in consultation with faculty. Group or individual design project and report. One lecture, three design hours. Prerequisites: MECH 401 and permission of the Department Chair. Spring. Co-requisite: MECH 401.

MECH 405. Thermal/Fluids Laboratory. 2 Credits.

This laboratory course allows students to perform thermo/fluid experiments to underscore the material that they learn in the thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics classes. This laboratory course also has a component that teaches the students how to construct and perform their own experiments. The material covered in this section includes the mathematical design of an experiment, instrumentation, signal processing, statistical analysis, and data presentation. The students are also required to investigate a physical phenomenon experimentally. Two hour laboratory. Two hour lecture. Fall. Prerequisites: MECH 302, 318, 319, 325. (Cr. 2).

MECH 407. Solid Mechanics. 3 Credits.

Review of principles of solid mechanics and vector methods. Stress-strain-temperature relations, residual stresses and stress concentrations. Beam and column behavior, shear center, torsion of non-circular members, buckling and energy methods. Three lectures. Prerequisites: MECH 230, MECH 314, MECH 323.

MECH 408. Mechanical Engineering Projects I. 3 Credits.

Individual student research or design projects. Where applicable, computer methods, experimental work, and literature study will be used. Proposal and report required. Six to nine hours of project. (Taken only with approval of advisor and chair of department.) Prerequisites: MECH 314, MECH 318, MECH 323, MECH 325.

MECH 410. Mechanical Engineering Projects II. 3 Credits.

Individual student research or design projects. A continuation of MECH 408 for students who have successfully pursued a research or design project and wish to continue it for a full year. Proposal and report required. Six to nine hours of project, (Taken only with the approval of advisor and chair of department.) Prerequisite: MECH 401 or MECH 408.

MECH 411. Mechanical Vibrations. 3 Credits.

This course covers the modeling, analysis, and optimization of mechanical vibrating systems. The course starts with elements of a single degree-of-freedom (DOF) vibrating system, and continues with time and frequency response, and application of different single DOF vibrating systems. Multiple DOF system will be introduced and methods of determining their natural frequencies, mode shapes, time response, and frequency response will be covered. Vibration control techniques such as use of a vibration isolator, a vibration absorber, and suspension optimization. Newton and Lagrange methods are used throughout the course. Pre-requisites: MATH 286 and ENGS 220.

MECH 412. Special Topics - Fluid Mechanics. 3 Credits.

MECH 413. Independent Studies in Mechanical Engineering. 1-3 Credit.

Individual student independent study in a Mechanical Engineering topics. Students upon approval of a faculty adviser. Proposal and report required. (Taken only with approval of advisor and chair of department.) One to three credits. Prerequisites: MECH 314, MECH 318, MECH 323, MECH 325.

MECH 414. Engineering Economy & Project Management. 3 Credits.

This course provides a background in company operation and management tools. These include: economics; project planning; forecasting; decision analysis; inventory control; and network analysis. Emphasis will be placed on solving practical problems by using software tools such as Excel and other appropriate analysis tools. Three lectures. Fall. Prerequisite: Senior Status. (Cr.3).

MECH 417. Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering. 3 Credits.

Special topics in mechanical engineering of current interest to undergraduate students; subject matter and prerequisite will be announced in advance of particular semester offering.

MECH 421. Solar Energy Systems. 3 Credits.

Study of solar energy systems with emphasis in solar heating and cooling; design of various types of solar collectors using different materials, working fluids, and geometries; energy storage systems for solar assisted heat pumps; use of solar energy in power generation. Pre-Reqs: MECH325, MECH319.

MECH 422. Thermal/Fluids System Design. 3 Credits.

Design and selection of basic components of typical thermal/fluids systems such as heat exchanger, pumps, compressors, and turbines. System synthesis and optimization. Individual or group design projects. Three lectures. Spring. Prerequisites: MECH 302, MECH 318, MECH 325.

MECH 425. Analysis of Hvac Systems. 3 Credits.

Air conditioning systems; moist air properties and conditioning processes indoor air quality, comfort and health; heat transmission in building structures; space heat load; cooling load; energy calculations. Three lectures. Fall. Prerequisite: MECH 302, MECH 325.

MECH 427. Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering. 3 Credits.

Special topics in mechanical engineering of current interest to undergraduate students; subject matter and prerequisite will be announced in advance of particular semester offering. Three lectures. Prerequisite: Senior Status. (Cr.3).

MECH 429. HVAC Systems. 3 Credits.

Design of piping in HVAC systems; pumps and compressors, and their selection; fans, air distribution in buildings and duct design; heat exchangers; refrigeration systems. Three lectures. Prerequisite: MECH 425. (Cr.3).

MECH 431. Structural Biomechanics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the application of solid mechanic principles.including non-linear behavior, to the human anatomy such as bone, muscle, ligaments, and tendons. The course includes discussions of material properties and behavior; the response of the body to adverse loading; failure and repair mechanism; prosthetic/body interfacing; and prosthetic system design. Issues associated with tissue engineering will also be introduced. Prerequisites: ENGS 230 and Senior status.

MECH 435. Legal Aspects of Engineering. 3 Credits.

An interdepartmental course covering basic legal doctrines, professional-client relationship, design and practice problems. Topics include American judicial system, contracts, quasi-contracts, agency, licensing, client obligations, construction process, copyrights, patents and trade secrets. Three lectures. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

MECH 436. Fundamentals of Engineering. 3 Credits.

Review of the fundamental principles of engineering. Preparation to qualify as a licensed professional engineer. Specific attention is placed on review of the principles that are the basis for questions on the Fundamentals of Engineering examination. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

MECH 437. Biomechanical Instrumentation. 3 Credits.

In biomechanics it is important to be able to measure mechanic variables with accuracy and in an appropriate manner. This course will cover the methods and issues associated with measuring mechanical and chemical properties in a biomechanical environment. This will include identifying the mechano-chemical source of biological signals, measuring basic mechanical properties such as position, pressure, flow-rate and temperature with particular attention being paid to biological applications. In addition, the methods needed to measure different types of radiation will be studies to allow students to understand how radiological equipment is used and controlled.Pre-requisite: MECH 312.

MECH 438. Operation Research. 3 Credits.

Presentation of the analysis associated with managing manufacturing operations. Topics covered will be decision-making, forecasting, materials requirement planning, queuing, project management, and aggregate planning. Three credits.

MECH 442. Artificial Intelligence Applications in Mechanical Engineering. 3 Credits.

This course will familiarize students with a broad cross-section of models and algorithms in this field. The course will discuss classification algorithms and regression and clustering techniques. The course will include several examples of engineering problems such as Design of Machine Elements, Biomechanics, Additive Manufacturing and 3D printing and Autonomous Vehicles. Three credits.

MECH 446. Manufacturing Systems. 3 Credits.

Group projects emphasizing design for manufacturing, manufacturing system simulation, and prototype fabrication. Concurrent with projects are lectures on modern manufacturing technologies. Two lectures and two-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: MECH 336.

MECH 450. Intro to Tissue Engineering. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge and experience to tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. An introduction to extracellular matrix (ECM), cell mechanobiology, cell dynamics and tissue organization will be covered. The application of collagen scaffolds, cell adhesion, cell trafficking, and molecule delivery in tissue engineering will be discussed. In addition, students are introduced to the concept of scaffolders tissue engineering and translating engineered tissues to the patients. Prerequisites: MECH 318 and ENGS 205.

MECH 451. An Intro to Biofluid Mechanics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the application of fluid dynamics principles, including non-Newtonian flow, the the human circulatory and respiratory systems in health and disease. The course includes discussions of blood flow in the heart, arteries, veins, and microvascular beds; gas transport between capillaries and the surrounding tissue; flow and particle transport in the lungs; gas exchange across the lung's blood-air interface; and the role of hemoglobin in the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the circulatory system. Senior Status.

MECH 512. Energy Conversion. 3 Credits.

Overview of thermodynamic concepts, application of the concept of availability to improve efficiency of gas and vapor power generation systems. Thermodynamics of reacting systems as related to combustion of hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuels. Overview of nuclear reactions and solar energy as energy sources. Environmental impact of power plant operation. Introduction to innovative energy sources such as thermoelectric, photoelectric, electrochemical, wind, tidal and geothermal energy. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

MECH 516. Turbomachinery. 3 Credits.

Review of fundamentals of fluid mechanics, dimensional analysis, classification and characteristics of turbomachines, component efficiencies, incompressible and compressible turbomachines; hydraulic and wind turbines. Prerequisite: Senior Status.

MECH 521. Advanced Mechatronics. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge and experience to design and build mechatronic systems. The course covers basic transducer operation, controller design and programming, a-to-d and d-to-a issues, and motor selection and use. The course also introduces the students to basic programmable logic controller (PLC) systems and ladder logic. Pre-Reg: MECH312.

MECH 525. Hvac Systems Analysis. 3 Credits.

Indoor air quality and human comfort, economy and environmental protection requirements. Heating and cooling loads. Introduction to equipment selection and system analysis.

MECH 528. Combustion Systems. 3 Credits.

Fundamentals of combustion processes, thermochemistry, equilibrium, adiabatic flame temperature calculations, thermodynamic cycle analyses and performance estimations of turbojets, turbofans, turboshaft, and ramjet engines, preliminary design of liquid and solid propellant rockets.