Dr. Ricardo Dello Buono
Chair of the Department

Sociology, the scientific study of human social behavior, examines the processes and patterns of social interaction; forms of social organization; and the influences of social groups, institutions, and social structure upon human behavior.

The goals of the department are to develop the sociological imagination, including a familiarity with sociological concepts, theories, methods, and research findings; to foster knowledge of, and respect for, diverse social systems and cultures; and to promote global awareness, community service, and social justice.

The Department prepares students for careers in social service, law, administration in government or business, social research and data analysis, criminal justice, urban planning, immigration services, and related fields. Internships are available for students to explore career interests and apply knowledge in field experiences.


Requirements for a Major in Sociology

All majors must complete 30 credits, including the following:

Sociology Core:12
Social Class and Inequality (taken sophomore year)
Research Methods (taken junior year)
Sociological Theories (taken junior year)
Seminar in Sociology (taken senior year)
Eighteen additional credits from Sociology18
Total Credits30

The department also recommends that students take a course in statistics, preferably PSYC 205 Statistics.

A minimum grade of C is required for all courses in the major.

General study in the field of sociology helps to prepare students for graduate school and/or a wide array of future careers in research, teaching, human resource management, civil service, and others. Sociology majors with more specific interests in the field may focus their study by electing a concentration. An additional option consists of completing a minor in cultural anthropology.


Sociology majors interested in social services; immigration and global sociology; or crime, law, and social justice may choose one of these as their area of concentration but only after consultation with a departmental advisor. If a student elects a concentration, they must meet the following course requirements:

Crime, Law, and Social Justice

Recommended for students with career interests in criminal justice, law, community activism, and human rights advocacy. Majors must complete the following:

Sociology Core12
SOC 309Criminology3
Two courses from Category A and two from Category B12
Category A
Juvenile Justice
Criminal Justice Administration
Organized Crime
Prisons and Probation
Law and Society
Police and Society
White Collar Crime
Current Issues in Criminal Justice
Category B
Introduction to Social Services
Social Problems
Race and Ethnicity
Sociology of Deviance
Anthropology of Drugs
Practicing Empowerment
Power and Conflict
Total Credits30

Students are encouraged to take additional courses outside their area of concentration.

Social Services

Recommended for students interested in social-service related careers. Majors must complete the following:

Sociology Core12
SOC 210Introduction to Social Services3
SOC 312Social Service Practice3
Three of the following are required:9
Social Problems
Race and Ethnicity
Urban Sociology
The Family
Sociology of Deviance
Anthropology of Drugs
Practicing Empowerment
The Modern Metropolis
Culture, Health, and Illness
Sociology of Gender
Total Credits30

The Department strongly recommends that students complete an internship. Students are encouraged to take additional courses outside their area of concentration.

Immigration and Global Sociology

Recommended for students with career interests in immigration policy and advocacy, local immigrant support services, and international cooperation and development agencies. This concentration promotes an understanding of immigration, the challenges facing immigrant communities, and the larger social development implications of these issues within both national and global contexts. Consistent with the historical commitment of Manhattan College to immigrants, this concentration is value-engaged and informed by an overarching commitment to social justice. Majors must complete the following:

Sociology Core12
SOC 212Migration, Globalization, and Culture3
At least one of the following:3
Displacement and Development in Contemporary Latin America
Political Economy of Global Migration
At least three of the following:9
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Urban Anthropology
Social Problems
Race and Ethnicity
Urban Sociology
The Family
Practicing Empowerment
Power and Conflict
Societies and Cultures of Latin America
The Modern Metropolis
Total Credits30

Students are encouraged to take additional courses outside their area of concentration.



Minors in Sociology must take 15 credits chosen in consultation with a departmental advisor. Students are required to take 1 course dealing with social differentiation: Social Class and Inequality, Race and Ethnicity, or Gender Roles; one course emphasizing the application of sociological analysis to societal institutions or social issues: Family, Deviance, or Social Problems; and 3 additional Sociology courses. SOC 150 Roots: Sociology, SOC 375 Internship, or SOC 416 Seminar in Sociology do not fulfill minor requirements.

A minimum grade of C is required for all courses in the minor.

Cultural Anthropology

Recommended for students who wish to supplement any major with the comparative and social scientific insights offered by Cultural Anthropology. Minors must take 15 credits, including the following:

SOC 202Introduction to Cultural Anthropology3
Four of the following courses:12
Urban Anthropology
Visual Anthropology
Anthropology of Drugs
Societies and Cultures of Latin America
Workers and the Workplace
Culture, Health, and Illness
Research in Anthropology
Total Credits15

A minimum grade of C is required for all courses in the minor.





SOC 150. Roots: Sociology. 3 Credits.

An explanation and critical examination of selected concepts in the social sciences. Students examine the logic and methods of social science research and engage in analysis of contemporary social issues from the perspectives of the disciplines of sociology and anthropology. (Not open to students who completed SOC 201.).

SOC 201. Introduction to Sociology. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the nature and scope of the science of sociology. Emphasis on societies, social structures and institutions, social groups, and on the various social processes associated with social organization, socialization, and social change. (Not open to students who have completed SOC 150.).

SOC 202. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the basic concepts of cultural anthropology. Such concepts are related to subsistence, economy, ecology, social organization and ideology. Emphasis will be given to problems in contemporary/complex societies as well as primitive/simple societies. A comparative and evolutionary perspective is used throughout the case study of Western and non-Western societies.

SOC 204. Urban Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Urban anthropology is concerned with the origin, development and evolution of cities as well as with the description, and comparison and analysis of urban life and cultures.

SOC 210. Introduction to Social Services. 3 Credits.

The foundation of social work as a profession, its historical and philosophical development, its social purpose, value assumptions, and theoretical base. A review of the various typed of social service practice. Case studies and analyses of programs, policies and issues.

SOC 211. Mass Media and Popular Culture. 3 Credits.

A social history of mass media in the American context and an exploration of the key theoretical perspectives that explain mass communications and popular culture. The impact of media such as newspapers, books, magazines, television, film, radio broadcasting and the countless means of mass communication transmitted through the internet is examined from a sociological perspective.

SOC 212. Migration, Globalization, and Culture. 3 Credits.

An introductory examination of how immigration/emigration is shaped by global political-economic structures. The goal is to understand the connections between global structures and local cultural responses. Attention will be devoted to a wide variety of social reactions ranging from inclusive (multiculturalism) to exclusive (ethnic nationalism/nativism) responses.

SOC 217. Visual Anthropology. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the history of ethnography, the politics of image representation of the other and the sub-discipline of visual anthropology. A variety of anthropoligical concepts are explored by using ethnographic pictures.

SOC 262. Displacement and Development in Contemporary Latin America. 3 Credits.

Focuses on development in modern Latin America and its relationship to migration in and out of the region. The main paradigms in the sociology of development are used as a basis for specific case studies that illustrate the interrelated dynamics of poverty, violence, trafficking, and human displacement. Particular attention is given to alternative development models and their relationship to human migration.

SOC 301. Social Problems. 3 Credits.

A critical analysis of the causes and impact of social problems using the major theoretical approaches developed in sociology. The specific problems treated can include such issues as poverty, environmental issues, concentration of coporate power, labor issues, racism, gender discrimination, immigration policies, national security, terrorism and others.

SOC 302. Race and Ethnicity. 3 Credits.

Theories, concepts, and research findings from sociology and/or anthropology as they relate to racial/ethnic relations, including consideration of prejudice, discrimination, and associated conflicts.

SOC 303. Urban Planning. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the principles and techniques of urban planning. Practical application of knowledge from many disciplines in forming physical design for urban spaces. Consideration of demographic, political, economic, and legal factors in the planning process.

SOC 304. Social Class and Inequality. 3 Credits.

Analysis of the class structure of the United States. Economic and non-economic characateristics of different classes. How class status affects one's life (physical and mental health, food and shelter, education, crime, and political power). The factors influencing what class one ends up in adulthood. The impact of welfare reform. Variations in class inequality across societies and across different time periods in the U.S. Varying explanations of and solutions to class inequality.

SOC 305. Urban Sociology. 3 Credits.

An examination of urbanization and the structure of modern cities. Selected issues such as urban decline, gentrification, ethnic and racial change, challenges facing city neighborhoods, business and urban cultural expression will be considered through field visits, readings and reports.

SOC 306. The Family. 3 Credits.

The nature and structure of the family as a group and as a social institution. Cross-cultural, historical and contemporary variations in family structure and interaction. Patterns in mate selection, marriage, parenthood and divorce, and their correlation with such variables as income, ethnicity, religion, and education.

SOC 307. Research Methods. 3 Credits.

The logic and skills of social scientific research. Research design, conceptualization and measurement, sampling, and data analysis. Student experience in data collection and analysis.

SOC 308. Juvenile Justice. 3 Credits.

Sociological perspectives on the nature, causes, and prevention of delinquency and the application of criminal justice to minors.

SOC 309. Criminology. 3 Credits.

A sociological examination of crime and theories of crime causation. Topics also include the extent of crime, types of crimes, indices of crime, and societal reactions to crime.

SOC 310. Sociology of Deviance. 3 Credits.

Study of stigmatized social behavior, including areas such as drug dependence, prostitution, swinging, homosexuality, and violence. Sociological theories to explain deviance are analyzed.

SOC 311. Individual in Society. 3 Credits.

The influence of social structure, social processes and social change on individual attitudes and behavior. Topics include socialization and the development of self, attitude organization and change, social influence processes and social power, group structure and processes, and the effects of variables such as ethnicity, class and religion on personality and behavior.

SOC 312. Social Service Practice. 3 Credits.

An introduction to basic social service methods with an emphasis on the special type of listening, utilized by social workers. The focus will be on engaging and helping individuals, couples and families. Students will learn about the helping process, starting with the initial phase and including assessment and treatment planning.

SOC 315. Special Topics: in Sociology. 3 Credits.

New course offerings in any area of sociology. Topics will be listed in the pre-registration booklets. Course outlines will be posted in the sociology department before the preregistration periods.

SOC 316. Special Topics: in Sociology. 3 Credits.

New course offerings in any area of sociology. Topics will be listed in the pre-registration booklets. Course outlines will be posted in the sociology department before the preregistration periods.

SOC 317. Anthropology of Drugs. 3 Credits.

People at different levels of societal development (e.g. hunting, gathering, agricultural, industrial and post industrial societies) have integrated certain 'drugs' into their cultures. This course explores the use of drugs cross-culturally, focusing on their political, economic, and cultural ramifications. Qualitative and quantitative data are used in the course.

SOC 318. Community Organizing for Social Change. 3 Credits.

Community organizing is a strategy that has empowered individuals and communities to make social change. It has been a major factor in shaping the Bronx, the college's home, as it is today. The class will provide a historical perspective on community organizing and assist in developing skills critical to organizing, such as discussing the role of the organizer, identifying and researching issues, developing leaders and developing an organizing campaign. The class would include opportunities for real-world experience with a local community organization. (Students meet two hours in class weekly and have additional meeting time obligations int he community). Dept. chair consent required.

SOC 319. Practicing Empowerment. 3 Credits.

An analysis of social services designed for vulnerable, under-represented and displaced people, such as migrant populations, illegal immigrants, political refugees, and others. A critical and historical evaluation of efforts to engage and advocate for these populations is developed as well as tactics to empower them in todays world.

SOC 324. Sociological Theories. 3 Credits.

A survey of major sociological theories, e.g., functionalism, symbolic interactionism, conflict theory, phenomenology, ethnomethodology, Frankfurt School critical theory, structuralism, postmodernism and others. Special emphasis is given to tracing contemporary approaches back to classical sociologists such as Comte, Durkheim, Marx, Weber, Mead.

SOC 327. Power and Conflict. 3 Credits.

An examination of the role of power in regulating and subordinating groups within human societies. The concept of power is a multifaceted process that includes forms of economic, political, cultural and discursive control. This requires a look at various theories of power and its role in ordering societies as well as different methods of acquiring, maintaining and losing power. Particular attention will be paid to the motivations for power acquisition and the dynamics of resistance to power structures in both theoretical and applied contexts.

SOC 328. Societies and Cultures of Latin America. 3 Credits.

An introduction to Mesoamerica (Mexico, Central America) South America, and the Caribbean as socio-cultural areas from an anthropological perspective. Native and contemporary cultures, cultural similarities and differences are examined with attention given to the process of socio-cultural change, external forces that shape the region, and key issues/themes that consistently surfaced in Latin American anthropology.

SOC 329. Political Economy of Global Migration. 3 Credits.

An advanced exploration of the political economy of global migration in both historical and contemporary contexts. The course is designed to facilitate an understanding of how political economic conditions motivate immigration and emigration. Issues of particular interest include understanding demand for immigration in countries of high economic growth, understanding characteristics that typify emigration societies and gaining a more comprehensive understanding of how changes in global economic conditions affect changes in migration patterns. Also of interest will be political (policy) methods of managing the integration of migrant populations in receiving countries and the effects of population loss in sending countries.

SOC 330. The Modern Metropolis. 3 Credits.

This course explores selective dynamics that accompany modern urbanization.

SOC 331. Workers and the Workplace. 3 Credits.

Work is examined through a historical, comparative lens by using sociological analysis of occupations and global workplace dynamics in industrial and non-industrial settings.

SOC 332. Labor Studies Colloquium. 3 Credits.

An interdisciplinary introduction to the nature, scope, and methodology of Labor Studies. Students will examine the problems and opportunities that a globalized economy poses for worker rights. Guest lectures by Labor Studies faculty members from the humanities and social sciences, business, and health services on specific topics and/or case studies. Site visits to select NYC historical landmarks such as Union Square, The Catholic Worker, and the site of the Triangle Fire.

SOC 333. US Labor Studies and Movements. 3 Credits.

This course analyzes the patterns of the US labor force and labor movements in the industrial age. Structural factors such as race, class, gender, geography and technology are considered along with the business and political contexts. The question of individual agency on the part of labor leaders is also addressed.

SOC 335. Culture, Health, and Illness. 3 Credits.

Application of anthropological and sociological methods and theory in the comparative analysis of illness, medical practices, and health systems. Attention will be given to the interaction of humans with their immediate environment and how humans adapt.

SOC 338. Schools and Society. 3 Credits.

Examination of how schools in U.S. and abroad are organized and operate, why there are class, race, and sex differences in how much education people get, why better educated people get the best jobs, and what must be done to reform our schools.

SOC 345. New York City Ethnic Communities. 3 Credits.

New York City will serve as a model for studying ethnic communities. Central sociological themes, such as population, ethnic transition, assimilation, community structure, etc., will be studied through field visits, readings, and reports.

SOC 361. Criminal Justice Administration. 3 Credits.

An analysis of the various agencies in the administration of justice, the nature of law enforcement, the prisons, court system and rehabilitation agencies.

SOC 362. Organized Crime. 3 Credits.

Analysis of the origin, organization, control, and consequences of organized crime in the United States. Emphasis on conflicting theories and current research.

SOC 363. Prisons and Probation. 3 Credits.

Examines the history of correctional systems in relation to punishment and rehabilitation of offenders. Theories and alternative methods of corrections are emphasized.

SOC 364. Law and Society. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the development of legal systems in different societies. The legal order in the United States will be discussed within the context of social and political influences on law-making and law enforcement.

SOC 365. Police and Society. 3 Credits.

A socio-historical and comparative analysis of the structure, functions and organization of contemporary police departments. This course will address the patrol, investigative and specialized operations in policing; police discretion and decision making; police culture and personality; police misconduct and current issues.

SOC 366. White Collar Crime. 3 Credits.

An analysis of white collar crimes in their diverse forms such as professional misconduct, deliberate industrial pollution, corruption and governmental repression of political opponents. Consideration is given to recent trends and ways of exerting control over these crimes.

SOC 369. Current Issues in Criminal Justice. 3 Credits.

Current and controversial issues in criminal justice will be explored and analyzed in this course. The topics will be debated in a classroom setting which will combine traditional lectures with student presentations and full class discussions.

SOC 375. Internship. 3 Credits.

Students participate in an off-campus training experience closely related to their area of study. Frequent meetings with the internship advisor and a paper are required. Internships are arranged through the Center for Career Development and must be approved in advance by the chair and the Dean of the School of Arts. Elective credit only.

SOC 380. Sport and American Society. 3 Credits.

An interdisciplinary course on the history of American sport from the colonial era to the present. Special emphasis will be given to the economic, sociological, political, and psychological aspects of twentieth century American sport.

SOC 399. Sociology of Gender. 3 Credits.

The impact of political, economic, and social forces on the development and changing definition of gender roles. Contemporary forms of gender-based inequality are analyzed with consideration of historical and cross-cultural variations.

SOC 416. Seminar in Sociology. 3 Credits.

The seminar is the "capstone" course for sociology majors and is designed to support an original research project individually completed by each participant. Meeting on a weekly basis, students discuss their findings and engage in a series of peer-reviewed activities. Prerequisites: SOC 304, SOC 307, and SOC 324.

SOC 460. Independent Study. 3 Credits.

A course of study designed for students with particular research interests not covered in the department's curriculum. Topics and methods of research are carefully worked out by the student in consultation with the supervising professor. This course is ordinarily open only to those students who have completed SOC 307 and have a minimum GPA of 3.0. Before registration, topics must be approved by the supervising professor and the department chair.

SOC 461. Independent Study. 3 Credits.

SOC 465. Research in Sociology. 3 Credits.

Participation in current research projects in the department. Permission of Chair and supervising professor required before registration. Prerequisite: SOC 307.

SOC 466. Research in Anthropology. 3 Credits.

Participation in current research projects in the dept. Permission of Chair and supervising professor required before registration. Prerequisite: SOC 307.

SOC 475. Internship. 3 Credits.

Students participate in an off-campus training experience closely related to their area of study. Frequent meetings with the internship advisor and a paper are required. Internships are arranged through the Center for Career Development and must be approved in advance by the chair and the Dean of the School of Arts. Credit may apply to major.

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