Catalog
2014-15

Arts - General Information

Historical Note

Since its founding, Manhattan College has sought to broaden the intellectual horizons of its students while preparing them for the various professions. The School of Arts supports Manhattan College's tradition of liberal inquiry, reflection on faith in relation to reason, emphasis on ethical conduct and commitment to social justice by offering diverse foundation courses for all students, no matter their school or major. In addition, the School of Arts furthers Manhattan's emphasis on high academic standards by offering challenging majors in the humanities and social sciences and innovative interdisciplinary majors. These include courses taught by outstanding teacher-scholars committed to the advancement of knowledge in their classrooms and in their disciplines. Courses and majors emphasize the skills of analysis and criticism that are central to an understanding of the contemporary world, providing students with the informational and ethical base for that understanding and the written and oral skills necessary for its critique and communication. The faculty of Arts seeks to provide the broad, flexible, and thoughtful education essential for students to develop professionally, live successful and rewarding lives, and contribute effectively to a rapidly changing society.

The Curriculum

The faculty of the School of Arts offers a program of education that provides students with the opportunity for a life of continuing growth and development in the twenty-first century. The core of the program is entitled The Roots of Learning. Its development was supported by a generous grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Foundation courses include composition, modern language, religious studies, science, and mathematics. Students then proceed to studies of the modern age through courses in the humanities and social sciences. The program is structured to provide a common learning experience for all students in Arts.

The Core: The Roots of Learning

The Roots of Learning represents a commitment to an educational program that judiciously combines content and process. The program seeks to:

  • Equip students with the intellectual skills essential to a productive professional life of learning and leadership

  • Immerse students in the traditions of humanism, the sciences, and the social sciences

  • Provide the global perspective essential to living and growing in our ever smaller, but increasingly complex, world

  • Develop critical reasoning and analytical skills through an intensive study of fundamental texts

School of Arts Core Curriculum Requirements

All first-year students in the School of Arts take one First Year Seminar in Fall and one in Spring semester. One seminar should be in the humanities and one in the social sciences. These seminars, which are designated by the number 151, are small discussion-based and writing-intensive courses that meet the School of Arts Core Curriculum Requirements. 

General Requirements

College Writing (a first-year requirement)3
Religious Studies9
The Nature and Experience of Religion
The Nature and Experience of Religion (First Year Seminar)
A course in Catholic Studies
A course in Global Studies or Contemporary Issues
Modern Language (a full year requirement of the same language; placement by Modern Languages Department)6
Mathematics (course requirement dependent upon program specifications)3
Science (Select three of the following courses): *9
Great Ideas in Physics
Chemistry in the Modern World
Introduction Astronomy
Introduction Geology
Topics in Science I
Topics: in Science II
Introduction Meteorology
Introduction to Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 104 Lab)
Global/Non-Western
Two courses from the total required for graduation must focus on global and/or non-western topics
Computer Proficiency
Computer proficiency in the area of major concentration demonstrated by passing a test on entrance or taking a computer course
Total Credits30
*

Part of the science requirement may also be satisfied by a full year of chemistry, biology, or physics.

Roots of Learning Core Requirements

LLRN 102Classical Origins of Western Culture3
or LLRN 151 Classical Origins of Western Culture (First Year Seminar)
The Roots of the Social Sciences (students choose three courses from the following four disciplines):9
Roots: Economics *
Roots: Government
Roots: Government (First Year Seminar)
Roots: Psychology
Roots: Psychology (First Year Seminar)
Roots: Sociology
Roots: Sociology (First Year Seminar)
The Roots of the Modern Age (students take English, History, Philosophy, and either Art or Music):12
Roots: Literature
Roots: Literature (First Year Seminar)
Roots: History
Roots: History (First Year Seminar)
Roots: Philosophy
Roots: Philosophy (First Year Seminar)
Roots: Art
Roots: Art (First Year Seminar)
Roots: Music
Roots: Music (First Year Seminar)
Total Credits24
*

Courses open only to students in the School of Arts and the School of Science.

The Major

A major is an extensive and detailed study of a particular discipline or a coherent combination of disciplines. Each student in Arts selects a major field of study. It is chosen on the basis of the individual’s interests, educational and career goals, and abilities. Double majors are possible with careful planning, but students are encouraged to take as many elective courses as possible.

In Arts, the areas of specialization from which a student selects a major include the following fields:

  • Art history
  • Communication
  • Economics
  • English
  • French
  • Government
  • History
  • Philosophy
  • Psychology
  • Religious Studies
  • Sociology
  • Spanish

In addition, four interdisciplinary majors are available to students in Arts:

  • International Studies
  • Labor Studies
  • Peace Studies
  • Urban Studies

These programs are designed to enhance a student's knowledge of a particular area of study not easily confined to a traditional academic department and to help the student develop an ability to address multiple perspectives.

Requirements for the major fields are listed under the department or program.

Students may not take more than 42 credits in their major without the permission of the Department Chair and the Dean. There is a residency requirement in the major for all transfer students: no more than 12 credits (9 credits in Communication) may transfer toward the major. Students are encouraged to develop a minor or a cluster.

Minor Fields of Study

Minors may be earned in all departments and major programs offered by the School of Arts and in some interdisciplinary areas such as Catholic Studies, Environmental Studies, Ethics, Film Studies, Medieval Studies, and Women and Gender Studies. Minimum grade requirements for the minor are the same as those for the major. A minor consists of 15 credits. The same course cannot be used to satisfy the requirements of both a major and a minor.

Students in Arts may pursue minors in other schools at Manhattan: in Computer Information Systems, Finance, General Business, Management, and Marketing in the School of Business; a general Education minor without state certification in the School of Education & Health; or a minor in Science or in a specific Science or in Mathematics or Computer Science. Students must earn a grade of C or better in all courses taken for the minor in these schools. Students generally take no more than fifteen credits in Business or Education.

Clusters

Students in all five schools are invited to use their electives to form a cluster of five courses from various departments that focus on a common theme. The School of Arts offers clusters in Pan-African Studies, Latin-American and Caribbean Area Studies, and Cognitive Science.

Information on the courses and on the requirements are available from the Cluster Coordinators:

  • Dr. Winsome Downie (Pan-African Studies)
  • Dr. Marlene Gottlieb (Latin-American and Caribbean Area Studies)
  • Dr. Jay Friedenberg (Cognitive Science)

Electives

Most programs in Arts include the opportunity for a student to select particular electives to meet individual needs. Often elective courses are selected on the basis of their relationship to the student’s major field of study; they also enable students to develop a minor field of study, to structure a second major, or to explore new areas of knowledge. Electives should not be selected without serious consideration. Students are advised to consult regularly with their advisors concerning their electives.

Students generally take no more than fifteen credits in Business, Education, Science, or Engineering. Any courses taken in these programs must be approved by the appropriate chair. Students interested in exercising any of these options must consult with the Academic Advisor in the School of Arts.

Please note: Credits earned in Aerospace Studies may not be used for any degree program in Arts. Students may not take more than three credits total in health and physical education courses.

Student Course Load

Students may not take more than eighteen credits in the Fall or the Spring semester without the written approval of the Dean of Arts. Students may not take more than three credits in the January or May intersession or the summer session without the written approval of the Dean of Arts.

Bachelor of Science in General Studies

The curriculum for the degree program in General Studies is an alternative to the usual undergraduate curriculum. It features an area of concentration rather than a major, and three areas of lesser concentration. Consequently, there is less specialization, but opportunity for broader and more structured general education. Each program provides core requirements in English, fine arts, history, mathematics and science, philosophy, psychology, religious studies, and sociology as a foundation for self-enrichment, appreciation, and understanding. The basic core requires forty-eight credits, including nine credits in religious studies.

A student is required to take one area of greater concentration (a minimum of eighteen credits beyond the core curriculum) in one of the following areas:

  • Art history
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Computer science
  • Economics
  • Education
  • English
  • French
  • Government
  • History
  • International studies
  • Mathematics
  • Peace studies
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Psychology
  • Religious studies
  • Sociology
  • Spanish
  • Urban studies

No language courses at the 100-level count in the greater concentration and no more than two 200-level courses or six credits of AP may count toward the greater concentration. Students must achieve a grade of C or better in all courses in the greater concentration.

In addition, a student must follow three areas of lesser concentration (a minimum of twelve credits each beyond the core curriculum) in fields other than the area of greater concentration. Fields of lesser concentration may be selected from the following areas:

  • Accounting
  • Applied science
  • Art history
  • Business (general)
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Computer science
  • Computer information systems
  • Economics
  • Education
  • Engineering
  • English
  • Fine arts
  • French
  • General science
  • Government
  • History
  • International studies
  • Japanese
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Mathematics
  • Peace studies
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Psychology
  • Religious studies
  • Sociology
  • Spanish
  • Urban studies

No language courses at the 100-level count in the lesser concentration and no more than two 200-level courses or six credits of AP may count toward the lesser concentration. Students must achieve a grade of C or better in all courses in the lesser concentrations.

The balance of the program will include electives. A student’s program should not include electives that exceed twenty-four credits in the field of greater concentration or eighteen credits in the fields of lesser concentration. No more than 18 credits in any combination may be taken in courses offered by the Schools of Business, Education, or Engineering, including courses taken in a concentration. No more than 3 credits may be taken in Physical Education and/or Health Education combined. Credits earned in Aerospace Studies do not count toward graduation in this program. Students in this program must take at least 75 credits in the liberal arts and sciences.

Academic Advising

All freshmen and those sophomores who have not yet declared a major are advised by the Academic Advisor for the School of Arts. Students who have chosen their major are advised by the Chair of their department or his or her delegate. Transfer students plan their first semester with the Academic Advisor.

Study Abroad Opportunities

The School of Arts encourages students to broaden their educational horizons by participating in foreign study programs. In order to participate in such a program a student must have a minimum cumulative index of 2.75.

Arts is affiliated with the American Institute for Foreign Study and is also associated with the Institute for European Study and its campuses world-wide. Foreign study opportunities are available in many countries.

Further information about these and a wide range of other study abroad opportunities is available through the Director for International Programs, Professor Nevart Wanger, or the Coordinator of Study Abroad, Mrs. Nancy Cave. All foreign study programs must be approved by the Office of the Dean of Arts after consultation with the Director for International Programs.

Policy for Off-Campus Courses

Once a student is admitted to Manhattan College, all major and minor department courses and all Core Curriculum courses must be taken at Manhattan College. Certain approved non-resident programs would be exceptions to this requirement. Under unusual circumstances, courses may be taken at another college, with the approval of the Dean, after consultation with the Chair of a student’s major department. Ordinarily, students who have achieved junior or senior status will not be permitted to take courses at two-year junior or community colleges.

Honor Societies and Research Opportunities

The faculty of Arts, in order to encourage and reward the development of serious scholarship among its students, have established on campus a number of national honor societies. Chief among these are Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi.

Phi Beta Kappa, founded in 1776, is dedicated to the ideal of excellence in scholarship in the liberal arts and sciences and is widely regarded as a mark of the highest distinction. The Manhattan College Chapter, the Upsilon of New York, was chartered in 1971. Students elected to Phi Beta Kappa are chosen from among those students who have achieved general scholastic excellence.

Sigma Xi is a national honor society founded in 1886 that encourages original research in the pure and applied sciences. Students are elected to membership on the basis of their accomplishments in research and their enthusiasm for continued scientific investigation.

In addition, most academic departments sponsor local chapters of national honor societies in their disciplines. The faculty are dedicated to encouraging student research efforts and are pleased to have students join them in their own research. Indeed, one of the hallmarks of Manhattan College is the frequency with which students and faculty join together in research projects.

Independent study courses are available in most departments for students seeking the opportunity to do advanced-level study with a faculty member in an area not ordinarily covered by regular coursework. In addition, many departments sponsor supervised internships and field-study opportunities through the department or through the Cooperative Education Program.

Of special note are the Branigan Scholars Grants. These grants, established in 1967 through the generous contributions of Edward Vincent Branigan ’40 with matching gifts from major corporations and support from the National Endowment for the Humanities, provide summer stipends for students pursuing research projects independent of their course work.

Internships

Opportunities for off-campus work experiences that carry course credit toward graduation are available to juniors and seniors in the School of Arts through internship courses offered by departments and programs. Internship courses are numbered 375 or 475. Frequent meetings with the internship advisor and a paper are required. Internships are arranged through the Center for Career Development and must be approved in advance by their chair or advisor and by the Dean of the School of Arts.

Graduate Awards and Fellowships

Manhattan College is among a small, select group of American Colleges sending large numbers of students on to graduate schools. To continue this tradition, the college has developed programs to assist students seeking information about graduate programs and particularly about fellowships and scholarships for graduate study. Further information is available from the Center for Graduate School and Fellowship Advisement and from the departmental chairs.

Prelegal Advisory Committee

Students interested in entering law school should seek guidance through the Prelegal Advisory Committee. In addition to personal interviews, the Committee conducts group meetings to advise students on specialized fields of law. The Committee also makes information available on requirements for admission to law schools, the availability of scholarships, and special opportunities in the legal profession. Further information is available from Professor Patricia Sheridan of the School of Business.

Health Professions Advisory Committee

The Health Professions Advisory Committee is a body of faculty members from several schools who give guidance to students interested in preparing for careers in medicine, dentistry and allied fields. The Committee advises students on the selection of programs of study that will furnish them with specialized pre-professional courses in the sciences and with a broad liberal education to prepare them for effective participation in the health-care community. Further information is available from the Office of the Chair of the Health Advisory Committee, Dr. Bruce Liby of the Physics Department.

Preparation for Medicine and Dentistry

Requirements are established by the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Dental Association, and other professional associations in the health field. The pre-professional requirements in the sciences are met within the context of a broad liberal education. Pre-professional students are expected to maintain an average of at least a B in their science courses.

The minimum required courses for admission to professional schools are:

BIOL 111
  & BIOL 112
General Biology I
   and General Biology II
4
BIOL 113
  & BIOL 114
General Biology Laboratory I
   and General Biology Laboratory II
4
CHEM 101
  & CHEM 102
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry II
8
CHEM 319
  & CHEM 320
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry II
6
CHEM 323
  & CHEM 324
Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
4
ENGL 110College Writing3
MATH 185Calculus I3
or MATH 186 Calculus II
PHYS 101
  & PHYS 102
Physics I
   and Physics II
8
or PHYS 107
  & PHYS 108
Introductory Physics I
   and Introductory Physics II

Specific schools may require or recommend other courses.

Outline of Course Requirements Leading to a Bachelor of Arts Degree with a Major in the Humanities or the Social Sciences Excluding Psychology

First YearCredits
LLRN 1023
Roots Humanities or Social Sciences19
SCI23
Language both semesters36
RELS 1103
ENGL 1103
MATH43
 30
Second YearCredits
Roots Humanities or Social Sciences19
SCI26
Catholic Studies3
Major and/or Elective12
 30
Third YearCredits
Roots Humanities or Social Sciences16
RELS Global Studies/Contemporary Issues3
Major and/or Elective21
 30
Fourth YearCredits
Major and/or Elective30
 30
Total Credits: 120
1

Students choose three from Roots Social Science Courses: ECON 150 Roots: Economics, GOVT 150 Roots: Government, SOC 150 Roots: Sociology, PSYC 150 Roots: Psychology. Students take the following Roots Humanities courses: ENGL 150 Roots: Literature; HIST 150 Roots: History; PHIL 150 Roots: Philosophy; ART 150 Roots: Art or MUSC 150 Roots: Music.

2

The science courses SCI 201 Introduction Astronomy, SCI 202 Introduction Geology, SCI 203 Topics in Science I, SCI 204 Topics: in Science II, SCI 221 Introduction Meteorology, SCI 230 Great Ideas in Physics, SCI 231 Chemistry in the Modern World and BIOL 103 Introduction to Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 104 Lab). In place of the nine credit SCI requirement, students may take a full year of one of the following: PHYS 101 Physics I, PHYS 102 Physics II or PHYS 107 Introductory Physics I, PHYS 108 Introductory Physics II, CHEM 101 General Chemistry I, CHEM 102 General Chemistry II, BIOL 111 General Biology I, BIOL 112 General Biology II, BIOL 113 General Biology Laboratory I or BIOL 115 Principles of Biology I, BIOL 116 Principles of Biology II or BIOL 117 Principles of Biology I Laboratory, BIOL 118 Principles of Biology II Laboratory , along with one SCI course in a different science.

3

Placement by Modern Language Department.

4

Students generally take MATH 151 Topics in Modern MathModern Mathematics , MATH 185 Calculus I or MATH 230 Elementary Statistics.

Note: Students pursuing a B.A are required to complete at least 99 credits in the Liberal Arts and Sciences.

Outline of Course Requirements Leading to a Bachelor of Arts Degree with a Major in Psychology

First YearCredits
LLRN 1023
PSYC 2093
ENGL 110 (first or second semester)3
RELS 1103
MATH first or second semester43
Roots Humanities or Social Sciences first or second semester26
PSYC 1503
Language both semesters16
 30
Second YearCredits
Roots Humanities or Social Sciences26
PSYC Applied3
PSYC 3153
PSYC 2053
Catholic Studies3
Electives6
SCI36
 30
Third YearCredits
PSYC Social/Developmental6
RELS Global Studies/Contemporary Issues3
SCI33
Electives15
Roots Humanities or Social Sciences23
 30
Fourth YearCredits
PSYC Clinical/Cognitive/Physiological9
Electives21
 30
Total Credits: 120
1

Placement by Modern Language Department.

2

Students choose two from Roots Social Science courses: ECON 150 Roots: Economics, GOVT 151 Roots: Government (First Year Seminar) or SOC 151 Roots: Sociology (First Year Seminar). Students take the following Humanities courses: ENGL 151 Roots: Literature (First Year Seminar); HIST 151 Roots: History (First Year Seminar); PHIL 151 Roots: Philosophy (First Year Seminar); ART 151 Roots: Art (First Year Seminar) or MUSC 151 Roots: Music (First Year Seminar).

3

The science courses are SCI 201 Introduction Astronomy, SCI 202 Introduction Geology, SCI 203 Topics in Science I, SCI 204 Topics: in Science II, SCI 221 Introduction Meteorology, SCI 230 Great Ideas in Physics, SCI 231 Chemistry in the Modern World and BIOL 103 Introduction to Biology (Co-requisite: BIOL 104 Lab). In place of the nine credit SCI requirement, students may take one full year of the following: PHYS 101 Physics I and PHYS 102 Physics II or PHYS 107 Introductory Physics I and PHYS 108 Introductory Physics II, CHEM 101 General Chemistry I and CHEM 102 General Chemistry II, BIOL 111 General Biology I, BIOL 112 General Biology II, BIOL 113 General Biology Laboratory I or BIOL 115 Principles of Biology I, BIOL 116 Principles of Biology II, BIOL 117 Principles of Biology I Laboratory, BIOL 118 Principles of Biology II Laboratory , along with one SCI course in a different science.

4

MATH 230 Elementary Statistics is highly recommended for students pursuing a degree in Psychology.

Note: Students pursuing a B.A. are required to complete at least 99 credits in the Liberal Arts and Sciences.

Outline of Course Requirements Leading to a Bachelor of Science Degree with a Major in Psychology

First YearCredits
LLRN 1023
Language both semesters16
One of the following groups8
 
 
ENGL 110 (first or second semester)3
MATH 185 or 2303
PSYC 1513
PSYC 209 (second semester)3
 29
Second YearCredits
PSYC 2053
One of the following groups8
BIOL 207
  & BIOL 208
6
PSYC 3153
RELS 1103
 
 
Electives3
Roots Humanities or Social Sciences26
 32
Third YearCredits
Roots Humanities or Social Sciences212
Catholic Studies3
Electives3
PSYC Applied/Developmental/Psychological/Social12
 30
Fourth YearCredits
PSYC 3223
Electives18
PSYC Cognitive/Clinical6
RELS Global Studies/Contemporary Issues3
 30
Total Credits: 121
1

Placement by Modern Language Department.

2

Students choose two from Roots Social Science courses: ECON 150 Roots: Economics, GOVT 151 Roots: Government (First Year Seminar), or SOC 151 Roots: Sociology (First Year Seminar). Students take the following Humanities courses: ENGL 151 Roots: Literature (First Year Seminar); HIST 151 Roots: History (First Year Seminar); PHIL 151 Roots: Philosophy (First Year Seminar); ART 151 Roots: Art (First Year Seminar) or MUSC 151 Roots: Music (First Year Seminar).

Summary of Course Requirements Bachelor of Science - General Studies

ENGL 110College Writing3
ENGL Elective 13
One of the following:3
Exposition and Argumentation
Written Communication
Introduction to Creative Writing
Advanced Composition
Grammar and Writing
HIST Elective3
GOVT Elective3
Three courses from SCI, MATH or CMPT9
FINE ARTS Elective3
RELS (110, Catholic Studies, and Global Studies/Contemporary Issues9
SOC Elective3
PHIL Elective3
PSYC Elective3
Field of Greater Concentration 218
Three Fields of Lesser Concentration 336
Seven courses chosen as free electives 421
Total Credits120
1

Students may not fulfill this requirement with ENGL 106 Introduction to Composition, ENGL 210 Exposition and Argumentation, ENGL 211 Written Communication, ENGL 240 Introduction to Creative Writing, ENGL 255 Introduction to Film Studies, ENGL 256 Types of Film Experience, ENGL 326 Advanced Composition, ENGL 331 History of the English Language or ENGL 333 Grammar and Writing.

2

Students will be required to complete a minimum of eighteen credits beyond the core requirements.

3

Students will be required to complete a minimum of twelve credits in each of three disciplines beyond the core requirements.

4

Students registered in General Studies are not permitted to exceed 18 credits in any combination of business, education, engineering, or applied science courses.

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